Flashcards in Chapter 8 Memory Deck (28):
getting info into brain
Getting info back out
Type of Encoding
1) Automatic: little to no effort
2)Effortful: conciously bringing info forward (requires rehearsal)
Retaining something better when it is rehearsed
Serial Position Effect
If you are asked righ tno you remember beginning and end (if asked later only recall beginning)
Immediate, initial recording of info
2 types of Sensory Memory
Iconic and Echoic
Short lasting photographic
Extremely accurate very short sound memory (7+-2)
What happend to sensory memory?
Stored in LTM or forgotten!
permanent and limitless (average 1 billion bits)
Facts General Knowledge
Classical (Operant Conditioning)
Explicit memory (recall words)
Implicity memory (skills, conditioning, procedural)
Stim. with exp can later trigger a memory
Ex: scuba diving while learning words
Alcohol while studying then testing while drunk will give better results
Mood Congruent Memory
Recall memory connecte with mood we are in (reason why depression is so hard to get out of)
Info doesn't enter LTM
Forget rapidly, then levels off with time (like material from a class)
Disrupts recall of new info
disrupts reall of old info
Planting False Memory
Easy to do with leading questions in kids but also possible in adults
Is memory fixed?
Is memory all in one place in the brain and what organizes it all?
No it is all in places that are taking it in like the senses but hippocampus organizes it all.