Chapter 8 Memory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Memory Deck (28):
1

Encoding

getting info into brain

2

Storage

retaining info

3

Retrieval

Getting info back out

4

Type of Encoding

1) Automatic: little to no effort
2)Effortful: conciously bringing info forward (requires rehearsal)

5

Spacing effect

Retaining something better when it is rehearsed

6

Serial Position Effect

If you are asked righ tno you remember beginning and end (if asked later only recall beginning)

7

Sensory Memory

Immediate, initial recording of info

8

2 types of Sensory Memory

Iconic and Echoic

9

Iconic

Short lasting photographic

10

Echoic

Extremely accurate very short sound memory (7+-2)

11

What happend to sensory memory?

Stored in LTM or forgotten!

12

LTM

permanent and limitless (average 1 billion bits)

13

Explicit Memory

Facts General Knowledge
Personal Expereince/Events

14

Implicit

Skills
Classical (Operant Conditioning)

15

Hippocampus

Explicit memory (recall words)

16

Cerebellum

Implicity memory (skills, conditioning, procedural)

17

Encoding Specificity

Stim. with exp can later trigger a memory
Ex: scuba diving while learning words

18

State-Dependent Memory

Alcohol while studying then testing while drunk will give better results

19

Mood Congruent Memory

Recall memory connecte with mood we are in (reason why depression is so hard to get out of)

20

Encoding Failure

Info doesn't enter LTM

21

Storage Decay

Forget rapidly, then levels off with time (like material from a class)

22

Proactive interference

Disrupts recall of new info

23

Retroactive Interference

disrupts reall of old info

24

Planting False Memory

Easy to do with leading questions in kids but also possible in adults

25

Is memory fixed?

No!

26

Is memory all in one place in the brain and what organizes it all?

No it is all in places that are taking it in like the senses but hippocampus organizes it all.

27

Flashbulb Memories

9-11

28

Amnesia

1)Retrograde: Inability to recall past memories
2)Anterograde: inability to form new memories