Chapter 8: Tangihanga Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8: Tangihanga Deck (50):
1

Tangihanga

Death customs

2

Hine-tītama

Daughter of first woman

3

Rarohenga

The place where the spirits of the dead reside

4

Te Rerenga Wairua

The leaping place of Spirits, where they leapt to Rarohenga or back to Hawaiki

5

Tāne

Father and husband of Hine

6

Hine-nui-i-te-pō

Hine’s new name after fleeing to the underworld

7

Māui-tikitiki-o-te-Taranga

Sought to destroy Hine to mKe humans immortal. Changed into a lizard, reentered womb. Hine woke up with the fantail laughter and crushed him between her thighs, killing him

8

Ōhākī

Final wishes and farewells, contained political and legal elements, instructions for utu, sometimes instructions on where to be buried, public gathering

9

Utu

Reciprocity

10

Whare tūroro

Temporary structure for a dying person, burnt down after death

11

Whakanoa

Removal of tapu

12

Kaumātua

Elder

13

Mate tauā

Death as the result of warfare

14

Mate rangatira

Noble death

15

Mōteatea

To grieve, traditional chant/song/poetry

16

Mate aitu, mate tara-ā-whare

Death by sickness or natural causes

17

Mate aituā

Death by accident

18

Mate whaiwhaiā

Death by mākutu

19

Mākutu

Witchcraft, sorcery

20

Preparation of dead

Women remove tūpāpaku, prepare for display (wash corpse, rub oil and sometimes kōkōwai on it, dress hair with feathers), place corpse with knees to chin and arms wrapped around legs, wrap in fine mats, cloaks, transport to marae in dugout canoe

21

Tūpāpaku

Corpse

22

Kōkōwai

Red ochre

23

Wharemate, whare taua, whare pōtae

Room for the dead during the tangi

24

Altamira

Platform for dead in wharemate

25

Changes due to hygiene issues

Body must be in a coffin (not sitting up)
3 day max tangi

26

Kawa

Slight variations in customs from iwi to iwi, hapū to hapū, etc.

27

Possible locations for corpse during tangi

Inside house on centre back wall under pou tuarongo
Under third poupou on tara whānui of house
Under window on verandah of house
Make-shift separate house is built next door

28

Whānau pani, kiri mate, kura tūohu

Immediate family of deceased, job is only to mourn and remain beside the dead

29

Paepae

Orator’s bench

30

Karanga

Calls on to the marae

31

Ringawera

Kitchen hand

32

Pouaru

Widow, traditionally would cut their hair, bodies with shells or obsidian flints to express grief, get the sadness out

33

Pare kawakawa

Mourning wreath (for the head)

34

Tohi

Dedication ceremony for babies

35

Kawakawa

Important plant, used during tangi and tohi, traditionally used to disguise the stench of death, symbol of death

36

Hui

Events/gatherings on the marae

37

Wairua

Spirit

38

Tono mate

When another marae requests to have the body lie at their marae, common for people with origins from more than one hapū/iwi, highly ranked individuals

39

Tono

To request, commission

40

Kawe mate, hari mate

Process of taking the memory (in photo form) of the deceased to a different area so that people unable to attend the tangi can mourn

41

Poroaki

Final farewells, night before the burial

42

Pō mihimihi

Celebration of life the night before the burial, more informal, immediate family may speak

43

Urupā

Burial ground

44

Kuia

Elderly women

45

Poroporoaki

Calls during the carrying of the body from the marae to the burial ground

46

Nehu

Burial

47

Hahunga

Traditional practice of exhuming the body from its initial, shallow grave, about a year after death

48

Takaki whare

“Trample the house” by ministers and family to remove tapu

49

Hākari

Brings immediate family back from the land of the dead, whakanoa for all involved, feast

50

Hura kōhatu

Unveiling of the headstone, replaces hahunga, offers closure