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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (31)
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1

We know that _______ is the leading cause of injuries (and deaths) at incidents.

overexertion

2

Efforts to improve an individual's strength, flexibility, and aerobics to help prevent overexertion at incidents cane defined as ________.

work hardening

3

Work hardening is an important part of overexertion resistance, as is efficient _________.

fueling

4

The three stressors that influence overexertion are related to the ___________, ___________, and the quality of _________.

environment
human physiology
rehab efforts

5

Some define _______ as the science of adapting work or working conditions to a worker. Others define it as the study of problems associated with people adjusting to their work environment

ergonomics

6

The relationship of the worker to the setting has to do with ________ that are being employed.

body mechanics

7

The _________ strategy acknowledges that the workers are less apt to suffer an injury if they are aware of the problem.

awareness

8

_______ is perhaps the most used abatement strategy and certainly the most simple.

Awareness

9

________ includes efforts to alter or adjust the environment, worker relationship, or task to reduce injury potential.

Accommodation

10

_______ can be defined as an individual's gradual process of becoming accustomed to an environment.

Acclimation

11

The primary mechanism to prevent heat stress is ___________.

sweating

12

_________ includes the use of shade, air movement, and rest to bring down core temperatures.

Passive Cooling

13

________ is the process of using external methods or devices to reduce elevated body core temperatures.

Active cooling

14

Active cooling is best achieved using a ________ technique or the use of cold, wet towels on the head and neck.

forearm immersion

15

Exposure time to frostbite is based on ____________.

uncovered, dry skin

16

The prevention of thermal stress injuries can be accomplished through ___________, __________ and __________.

Accommodation
Rotation
Hydration

17

Firefighters engaged om strenuous physical activity while wearing PPE ensembles can sweat out over a ______ of water per hour.

quart

18

As a rule, firefighters should strive to drink a quart of water an hour during periods of work; this is best delivered in _______ ounce increments every _______ minutes of exertion

4 - 8

15 - 20

19

Sweating firefighters must replace essential electrolytes (namely ________ and ________).

potassium

sodium

20

Electrolytes can be found in many nutritional foods (especially ______________)

green vegetables

21

__________ refers to a person's 24-hour clock, which includes sleep, energy-peaks, and necessary body functions.

Circadian Rhythm

22

For a cell to work efficiently, it must use a balance of the three essential ingredients:

oxygen
water
fuel

23

The entry rates of carbohydrates into the bloodstream is known as ___________.

glycemic index

24

40/30/30 Mix

40% Carbohydrates
30% Proteins
30% Fats

25

The low-glycemic carbohydrates stabilize _______ release into the bloodstream

insulin

26

_________ are the building blocks of cells.

Amino Acids

27

The _____ is responsible for evaluating the rehab effort.

ISO

28

REHAB acronym

Rest
Energy Nutrition
Hydration
Accommodations
BLS monitoring

29

The most important vital sign to stabilize is __________.

core temperature

30

________ need to be replaced after an hour of sweating (or sooner)

electrolytes