Chapter 9: Articulations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Articulations Deck (56):
0

What are the functional categorizations of the articulation types?

Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis

1

A functional categorization of Articulations that is described as having no movement is called what?

synarthrosis

2

A functional categorization of Articulations that is described as having LITTLE movement is called what?

Amphiarthrosis

3

A functional categorization of Articulations that is described as having FREE movement is called what?

Diarthrosis

4

Describe the structural category of synarthrosis

Fibrous
suture
gomphosis
cartilaginous
synchondrosis

5

where are suture structures in the body?

in the sutural lines of the skull

6

where are gomphosis structures found in the body?

between the tooth and jaw

7

Describe the structural category of Amphiarthrosis

Fibrous
Syndesmosis
Cartilaginous
symphysis

8

where are syndesmosis structures in the body?

between the tibia and fibula, between the radius and ulna

9

Describe the structural category of Diarthrosis

synovial
monaxial
biaxial
triaxial

10

almost immovable joint between bones bound by a layer or cartilage is called what?

Synchondrosis

11

Where can synchrondrosis structures be found?

in costal cartilages connecting the ribs to the sternum

12

A place where two bones are closely joined by a united plate of cartilage is called what?

symphysis

13

where can a symphysis structure be found in the body?

in between vertebrae and the os coxae bones

14

articulating cartilages that go from the bone of one bone to the bone of another and it has a membrane that secretes a fluid between a joint is called what?

synovial

15

What are the 6 configurations of the synovial joints

plane joint
hinge joint
pivot joint
condylar joint
saddle joint
ball-and-socket joint

16

what synovial joints have a uniaxial movements?

plane joint
hinge joint
pivot joint

17

what synovial joints have a biaxial movement?

condylar joint
saddle joint

18

What synovial joints have multi-axial movements?

ball-and-socket joints

19

What are the three motions that can occur at an articulation?

Linear motion
Angular motion
Rotation

20

What kind of motion is a sliding or gliding motion in a horizontal plane?

Linear motion

21

What motion changes with angle of bones with respect to each other?

Angular motion

22

What kind of motion occurs when one bone can rotate against or within another

Rotation

23

What kind of movements are associated with angular motions?

Flexion
Extension (hyperextension)
Abduction
Adduction
Circumduction

24

What movements are associated with rotational motions?

Left
Right
Medial (internal)
Lateral (external)
Supination
Pronation

25

Two opposing articular surfaces slide past each other in almost any direction; the amount of movement is slight

gliding motion

26

the angle between articulating bones increases or decreases

angular motion

27

the angle between articulating bones decreases; usually occurs in a sagittal plane

flexion

28

the angle between articulating bones increases; usually occurs in the sagittal plane

extension

29

extension movement continues past the anatomic position

hyperextension

30

the vertebral column moves in either lateral direction along a coronal plane

lateral flexion

31

movement of a bone away from the midline; usually in the coronal plane

abduction

32

movement of a bone toward the midline; usually in the coronal plane

adduction

33

a continuous movement that combines flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction in succession; the distal end of the limb or digit moves in a circle

circumduction

34

a bone pivots around its own longitudinal axis

rotational motion

35

rotation of the forearm whereby the palm is turned posteriorly

pronation

36

rotation of the forearm whereby the palm is turned anteriorly

supination

37

movement of a body part inferiorly

depression

38

movement of a body part superiorly

elevation

39

ankle joint movement whereby the dorsum of the foot is brought closer to the anterior surface of the leg

dorsiflexion

40

ankle joint movement whereby the sole of the foot is brought closer to the posterior surface of the leg

Plantar flexion

41

twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole medially or inward

inversion

42

twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole laterally or outward

eversion

43

anterior movement of a body part from anatomical position

protraction

44

posterior movement of a body part from anatomic position

retraction

45

special movement of the thumb across the palm toward the fingers to permit grasping and holding of an object

opposition

46

What is between bodies of vertebra?

cartilaginous joint (symphysis)

47

what is between the articulating processes in the vertebrae?

gliding (synovial)

48

pulposus extended from inside cartilage pad is called what?

Herniated disc

49

what are the muscles of the rotator cuff?

SITS muscles
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
subscapularis

50

what are the types of shoulder disloctaions?

acromioclavicular
glenohumeral

51

which ways can the glenohumeral dislocations occur

anterior dislocation
posterior dislocation
inferior dislocation
superior dislocations

52

what joint disorder is described as; overstretching or tearing of ligament(s) around a joint?

sprain

53

what is inflammation of a joint called?

arthritis

54

inflammation of a joint resulting from breakdown of articular cartilage (wear and tear arthritis) is known as what?

Osteoarthritis

55

inflammation of joint due to attack on synovial components by immune system is known as what?

Rheumatoid arthritis