Flashcards in Chapter 9: Articulations Deck (56):
What are the functional categorizations of the articulation types?
A functional categorization of Articulations that is described as having no movement is called what?
A functional categorization of Articulations that is described as having LITTLE movement is called what?
A functional categorization of Articulations that is described as having FREE movement is called what?
Describe the structural category of synarthrosis
where are suture structures in the body?
in the sutural lines of the skull
where are gomphosis structures found in the body?
between the tooth and jaw
Describe the structural category of Amphiarthrosis
where are syndesmosis structures in the body?
between the tibia and fibula, between the radius and ulna
Describe the structural category of Diarthrosis
almost immovable joint between bones bound by a layer or cartilage is called what?
Where can synchrondrosis structures be found?
in costal cartilages connecting the ribs to the sternum
A place where two bones are closely joined by a united plate of cartilage is called what?
where can a symphysis structure be found in the body?
in between vertebrae and the os coxae bones
articulating cartilages that go from the bone of one bone to the bone of another and it has a membrane that secretes a fluid between a joint is called what?
What are the 6 configurations of the synovial joints
what synovial joints have a uniaxial movements?
what synovial joints have a biaxial movement?
What synovial joints have multi-axial movements?
What are the three motions that can occur at an articulation?
What kind of motion is a sliding or gliding motion in a horizontal plane?
What motion changes with angle of bones with respect to each other?
What kind of motion occurs when one bone can rotate against or within another
What kind of movements are associated with angular motions?
What movements are associated with rotational motions?
Two opposing articular surfaces slide past each other in almost any direction; the amount of movement is slight
the angle between articulating bones increases or decreases
the angle between articulating bones decreases; usually occurs in a sagittal plane
the angle between articulating bones increases; usually occurs in the sagittal plane
extension movement continues past the anatomic position
the vertebral column moves in either lateral direction along a coronal plane
movement of a bone away from the midline; usually in the coronal plane
movement of a bone toward the midline; usually in the coronal plane
a continuous movement that combines flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction in succession; the distal end of the limb or digit moves in a circle
a bone pivots around its own longitudinal axis
rotation of the forearm whereby the palm is turned posteriorly
rotation of the forearm whereby the palm is turned anteriorly
movement of a body part inferiorly
movement of a body part superiorly
ankle joint movement whereby the dorsum of the foot is brought closer to the anterior surface of the leg
ankle joint movement whereby the sole of the foot is brought closer to the posterior surface of the leg
twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole medially or inward
twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole laterally or outward
anterior movement of a body part from anatomical position
posterior movement of a body part from anatomic position
special movement of the thumb across the palm toward the fingers to permit grasping and holding of an object
What is between bodies of vertebra?
cartilaginous joint (symphysis)
what is between the articulating processes in the vertebrae?
pulposus extended from inside cartilage pad is called what?
what are the muscles of the rotator cuff?
what are the types of shoulder disloctaions?
which ways can the glenohumeral dislocations occur
what joint disorder is described as; overstretching or tearing of ligament(s) around a joint?
what is inflammation of a joint called?
inflammation of a joint resulting from breakdown of articular cartilage (wear and tear arthritis) is known as what?