Chapter 9- Enteral Nutrition Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Chapter 9- Enteral Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9- Enteral Nutrition Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

when is enteral nutrition needed?

when client cannot consume adequate nutrients and calories orally but maintains a partially functional gastrointestinal system

2

nasoenteric tubes

short-term (less than 3-4 weeks)

3

nasogastric tubes

short-term use, goes from nose to stomach

4

nasodudodenal tube

tubes pass from the nose through the stomach and end in duodenum

5

nasojejunal tube

pass from the nose through the stomach and end in jejunum

6

which tubes are used in clients who are at risk for aspiration?

nasoduodenal and nasojejunal tubes

7

ostomies

placed for clients requiring LONG-TERM enteral feeding

8

gastrostomy tubes

long term use, tube inserted directly into the stomach (or intestines)

9

what is the alternative to the PEG tube

-skin level gastrostomy (aka low profile gastrostomy)
- more comfortable, longer lasting, and fully immersible in water

10

standard formulas

contains WHOLE proteins, requires fully functioning GI tract

11

how much calories can standard formula provide?

1.0-1.2 cal/mL

12

hydrolyzed formula

contains PARTIALLY digested proteins, use for impaired GI tract

13

how much calories can hydrolyzed formula provide?

1.5-2.0 cal/mL

14

when should you measure tube?

each shift and before each feeding

15

when do you discard bags/tubing?

every 24 hours

16

when do you measure gastric residual?

every 4-6 hours, return residual to stomach

17

How much and when do you flush?

flush feeding tubes with 30 ml water every 4 hours (warm ) Helps maintain PATENCY

18

how high do you elevate HOB?

elevate HOB to 30 degrees during feeding, and for 30-60 min after feeding

19

when do you flush?

flush tubing with 15-30 ml of water before, after, and in bw medications

20

how much do you fill feeding tube?

fill feeding bags with only 4 hours worth of formula to prevent bacterial contamination

21

cyclic feeding

administered at continuous rate over 8-12 hours time period
-during sleeping hours

22

intermittent tube feeding

administered every 4-6 hr in equal portions of 250-400 mL over 30-60 min time frame