Chapter 7- Nutrition Across the Lifespan Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7- Nutrition Across the Lifespan Deck (43)
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1

Nutrition during pregnancy/lactation
(2nd trimester)

additional 340 calories per day

2

how many additional calories during 3rd trimester:

additional 450 calories per day

3

How many calories to intake during lactation?

additional 330 calories first 6 months (400 after that)

4

Weight gain expected each trimester
(1st trimester)

First trimester 1-4 lbs TOTAL

5

weight gain expeced (Second and 3rd trimester)

2-4 lbs per month

6

Total expected weight gain during pregnancy
(normal)

25-35 lbs

7

Total expected weight gain during pregnancy
(underweight)

28-40 lbs

8

Total expected weight gain during pregnancy
(overweight)

15-25 lbs

9

How much fluids should pregnant people intake?

-2-3 L of fluids a day
-limit caffeine 300mg/day or less

10

folic acid amount during pregnancy

600 mcg to prevent neural tube defects

11

iron rich foods

beans,fish,dairy products, lean red meats,apples

12

foods to avoid during pregancy

avoid fish and shellfish due to mercury level

13

patient teaching for dietary concerns during pregnancy- N/V

eat dry crackers or toast (low-fat carbs). avoid drinking water with meals. Avoid caffeine, fatty food, and spicy food. serve food at room temp or chilled. maintain good oral hygiene

14

patient teaching for dietary concerns during pregnancy- constipation

increase fiber (including cellulose) fluid intake. engage in physical activity

15

patient teaching for dietary concerns during pregnancy- PKU

avoid high protein foods ( meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts, dairy products). Monitor phenylketonuria levels during pregnancy

16

what happens to the birth weight?

birth weight doubles by 6 months, triples by 1 year of age

17

when to use breast milk formula?

breast milk (or formula) ONLY for first 4-6 months

18

When should you introduce solid foods to baby?

when baby can sit up and has head control ( iron fortified cereal should be the first solid food introduced)

19

When to introduce new foods to baby?

new foods introduced one at a time over 5-7 days to assess for allergies or intolerance

20

when do you give cow milk?

cow's milk should only be given after 1 year of age

21

breastmilk

-discard unused breast milk after feeding
-do NOT microwave

22

How long can you store breastmilk?

-store in refrigerator for 5-8 days
-can be frozen for up to 6 months (or 12 months in deep freezer)
-use thawed milk within 24 hours. Do not refreeze thawed milk

23

colic

characterized by persistent crying lasting 3+ hours per day
-resolved by 3 months of age

24

when does colic occur?

-occurs in late afternoon, more than 3 days per week for more than 3 weeks
-crying accompanied by tense abdomen and legs drawn up to belly

25

what do you eliminate during breastfeeding?

cruciferous vegetables, cow's milk, onion, chocolate

26

lactose intolerant symptoms

symptoms include gas (flatus), abdominal distention, and diarrhea.

27

alternate for lactose baby

soy-based or casein hydrolysate formulas

28

diarrhea caused by what?

rotavirus

29

treatment for diarrhea

Use oral rehydration solutions.
-sport drinks are contradicted

30

dehydration signs

lethargy, sunken eyes, sunken fontanels, decreased tears, decreased urine output, dry mucous membranes