Chapter 9: Head and neck anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Head and neck anatomy Deck (23)
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1

What are the 11 regions of the head?

Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Orbital, Nasal, Inforbital, Zygomatic, Buccal, Oral, Mental

2

What are the bones of the cranium?

Parietal, Frontal, Occipital, Temporal, Ethmoid, Spheiod

3

What are the bones of the face?

Zygomatic, Maxillary, Mandible, Palatine

4

What movements does the TMJ perform?

Gliding movement and Hinge action.

5

What are the muscles of facial expression?

Buccinator, Orbiculars Oris, Mentails, Zygomatic major

6

What are the muscles of mastication?

Temporal, Internal pterygoid, Masstef, External pterygoid

7

What is the mental protuberance?

The chin

8

What's the Ramus?

Upright portion at each end of the mandible.

9

What's the Coronoid process?

Anterior portion of each ramus

10

Condyloid Process

Posterior portion of each ramus

11

What's the Sigmoid notch?

Structure separating the coronoid and condyloid

12

What does the TMJ do?

Allows movement of the mandible for speech and chewing

13

Where is the Buccinator and what does it do?

Posterior portion of alveolar process.

Compresses cheeks against teeth and retracts mouth.

14

Where is the Mentails located and what does it do?

Raises and wrinkles skin of chin and pushes up lower lip.

15

Where is the Zygomatic bone and what does it do?

On the Zygomatic bone

Draws angles of mouth upward and backward, laughing

16

What does the Orbicularis Oris and where is it?

Around the mouth

Closes and puckers lips

17

What are the three salivary glands?

Patroid, Submandibular and Sublingual gland.

18

What's another name for the Patroid duct?

Stensen's duct

19

What's another name for the submandibular duct?

Wharton's duct

20

What's another name for the sublingual duct?

Bartholins duct

21

Which gland produces the most saliva?

Submandibular gland

22

Which gland produces the least saliva?

Sublingual gland

23

What is the fifth cranial nerve used for?

Mastication