Chapter 9: Joints Of The Body Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Joints Of The Body Deck (21):
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Joint

Any place where bones or cartilage come together to form a connection

1

Joint cavity

Any fluid filled space between a point where bone or cartilage meet

2

Synovial joint

When a joint comes together to meet a lubricating fluid

3

Articular capsule

Fibrous connective tissue attracted to the bone just outside the articulating surface

4

Synovial membrane

Lines the inner part of the articular capsule

5

Ligament

These connect bone to bone

6

Tendon

These connect muscle to bone

7

Meniscus

Provides itself as a shock absorber

8

Bursa

Fluid filled sack

9

Tendon sheath

Surrounds a muscle tendon similar to a bursa

10

Pivot joint

When the rounded portion of the bone is surrounded by a ring

11

Hinge joint

Convex end of the bone articulates with the concave side of the bone

12

Condyloid joint

The shallow structure at one end of the bone coin-sides with the rounded end of the other bone

13

Saddle joint

Both surfaces of the bone have a saddle shape

14

Plane joint

When both bone surfaces are flat

15

Ball and socket joint

She the rounded head of one bone fits into the other hollow part of the bone

16

Flexion

Bending the body part away from the middle

17

Extension

Stretching the body part all the way out

18

Abduction

Moving the body part toward the body

19

Adduction

Moving the body part away from the body

20

Circumduction

Moving the body part in a circular manner