Chapter One Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter One Vocab Deck (41):
0

Anatomical position

When the body is erect with the arms facing up by the side of the body

1

Anatomy

The study of the structure of the body

2

Atrophy

Muscle weakness

3

Abdominal

Made up of the abdomen

4

Cranial

The spot where the brain sits

5

Pelvic

Made up of the pelvic area

6

Pleural

The cavity around the heart

7

Spinal

The cavity surrounding the spine

8

Thoratic

The chest cavity

9

Control center

Controls what happens in the body

10

Superior

Towards the head

11

Inferior

Towards the feet

12

Anterior

Front

13

Posterior

Back

14

Ventral

Towards the head

15

Dorsal

Towards the feet

16

Medial

Towards the midline of the body

17

Lateral

Towards the side of the body

18

Proximal

Towards the nearest truck of the body

19

Distal

Away from the truck of the body

20

Superficial

Near the surface

21

Deep

Away from the body surface

22

Effector loop

What makes changes throughout the body

23

Homeostasis

Relative consistency throughout the body

24

Organization

Keeping things together

25

Negative feedback

Negate what goes on in the body

26

Feedback

A change in the body's system

27

Chemical

Atoms and molecules in the body

28

Cellular

Smallest living units of structure in the body

29

Tissue

A bunch of cells put together

30

Organ

A bunch of tissues put together

31

System

All of the organs in the body working together

32

Physiology

The study of the structure of the body

33

Sagittal

Cuts the body in half through the face vertically

34

Midsagittal

Cuts the body in half by the legs

35

Frontal

Cuts the body in half vertically by the hip

36

Transverse

Cuts the body in half horizontally by the belly button

37

Positive feedback

A good change to the body's system

38

Prone

When the body is facing downward

39

Sensor

Detects change in the body

40

Supine

When the body is lying face up