CHapter 9 - Performance Enhancing Substances Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CHapter 9 - Performance Enhancing Substances Deck (13):
309

muscle dysmorphia:

reverse anorexia that body builders struggle with where they see themselves as small and weak.

310

acromegaly is __________.

excess secretion of growth hormone resulting in a disfiguring disease.

311

The Essential Amino Acids include:

isoleucine, leucine, methione, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan

312

All of the following are ingredients that qualify as dietary supplements in the US except:

EAA's

vitamin c

milk

iodine

milk

313

All of the following describe caffeine's role in improving athletic performance except:

increased power production

decreased glycogen depletion

increased fat oxidation

decreased urine production

decreased urine production

314

Which of the following are most closely linked in a logarithmic relationship?

intake of anabolic steroids

intake of androstenedione

increase lean body mass

increase in endogenous androgen production

I and III

315

Which of the following substances has been shown by multiple research studies to improve strength performance?

androstenedione

creatine

L-carnitine

chromium

creatine

316

Which of the following is the best reason for aerobic endurance athletes to avoid erythropoietin use?

hematocrit and hemoglobin levels may decrease

it may cause an unregulated increase in RBC production

resistance to infectious disease may be impaired

it may reduce the ability of blood to carry oxygen.

may cause an unregulated increase in RBC production

317

_ _ _ is a hormone obtained from the placenta of women, thus allowing mens testicular testosterone levels to rise when injected.

HCG

318


_ _________ _______ are chemically related to epinephrine.

B adrenergic agonists

319

B-blockers are used to:


prevent catecholamines from bdining, reducing stress.

320

_-________ is a non essential amino acid, increasing physical working capacity at fatigue threshold.

beta- alanine

321


_ ______ is important for fatty acid transportation into mitochondria.

L-carnitine