Chapter One: The Study Of Human Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter One: The Study Of Human Development Deck (31)
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1

Life-span Development

A life long process.

2

Physical Development

Growth of the physical body, no feelings or social skills.

3

Cognitive Development

Everything involving the brain except for emotions and social skills.

4

Psychosocial Development

Emotions, personality, and social skills.

5

Social Construction

Concept or practice that may appear natural and obvious to those who accept it, but in reality is an invention of a particular culture or society.

6

Prenatal Period

Conception to birth

7

Infancy and Toddlerhood

Birth to age 3.

8

Early Childhood

Ages 3 to 6.

9

Middle Childhood

Ages 6 to 11.

10

Adolescence

Ages 11 to 20.

11

Emerging and Young Adulthood

Ages 20 to 40.

12

Middle Adulthood

Ages 40 to 65.

13

Late Adulthood

Age 65+

14

Individual Differences

Characteristics, influences, and developmental outcomes.

15

Heredity

Inborn traits or characteristics inherited from biological parents.

16

Maturation

The unfolding of a natural sequence of physical changes and behavior patterns.

17

Nuclear Family

Household unit consisted of one or two parents and their children.

18

Extended Family

Multigenerational network of grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, etc.

19

Socioeconomic Status

Based on family income and the educational and occupational levels of the adults in the household.

20

Risk Factors

Conditions that increase the likelihood of a negative outcome.

21

Ethnic Group

People united by a distinct culture, ancestry, religion, language, or national origin, which contribute to shared attitudes, beliefs, and values.

22

Ethnic Gloss

An overgeneralization that obscures or blurs.

23

Normative Influences

Biological and environmental events that affect many people in a society in similar ways and events that touch only certain individuals.

24

Historical Generation

A group of people who experience the event at a formative time in their lives.

25

Cohort

A group of people born at about the same time.

26

Nonnormative

Unusual events that have a major impact on individual lives because they disturb the expected sequence of the life cycle.

27

Imprinting

Instinctive form of learning in which a young animal forms an attachment to the first moving object it sees, usually the mother.

28

Critical Period

Specific time when a given event, or its absence, has a specific impact on development.

29

Plasticity

Modifiability of performance.

30

Sensitive Periods

When a developing person is especially responsive to certain kinds of experiences.