Flashcards in Chapter Six Deck (14):
Indo-Europeans nomads tended to be...
Why did the members of the higher castes fear contact with the lower castes?
They feared pollution from contact with lower caste individuals
What are the practices of Jainism?
Not Farming in order to stay close to the land
After six years of strict asceticism, Siddhartha Gautama decided to...
Adhere to a middle path of moderation
What are the characteristics of Buddhism?
It doesn't demand frequent sacrifices of animals
Why was the Buddha originally represented by symbols?
To emphasize his achievement of a state of nonexistence
The incorporation of the Buddha into the Hindu pantheon?
Was a blatant attempt to co-opt the rival religion's founder
What factors contributed to the tendency toward disunity in ancient India?
The threat of outside invasions
What purpose did the Ashoka's famous stone pillars serve?
They were described with his belief in nonviolence morality moderation and religious tolerance both in government and private life
Why were several foreign kings in India more likely to convert to Buddhism than to Hinduism?
Hinduism had no easy mechanism for working foreigners into its system of class and caste
The region of Southeast Asia first rose to prominence and prosperity because...
Of its intermediary role in the trade between southern and Eastern Asia
What crops originate in Southeast Asia?
Rice, soybeans, sugar cane, yams, bananas, coconuts, chickens, pigs
What are the impressive navigational skills of the inhabitants of Southeast Asia?
Knew how to ride monsoon winds, interpret patterns (winds, water, animals) double outrigger canoes