Flashcards in chapter1-history of food science Deck (32)
what is nutrition?
study of food components and their use by body to sustain life and health. focus on what happens to food after you eat them.
what is the difference between nutrition and food science?
food science also focus on what happens to food before you eat them
before WW1, how do most people preserve food?
drying, salting or pickling
what is the method to preserve food for longer period of use?
drying salting smoking
what is earliest forms of food processing?
drying salting smoking and cook over flame
what develop in industrial revolution?
power-driven machines and harnessing steam and coal power.
where is canning process invented?
what invention increase the food production?
farm machinery e.g. thresher, reaper and steel plow
what invention increase the food process?
specialized factory equipment
what do ingredients develop?
manufacture food faster and more consistent quality
what is adulteration?
lowered quality and safety of a product caused by adding inferior ingredients that may be toxic.
when is USDA established?
what is FDA food code?
reference for anyone seeking info on how to prevent food borne illness in retail and food service operation.
guideline to handle food safety
what does FDA regulate?
80% of food supply except meat, poultry, and processed egg products.
what is USDA responsible for?
research the nutritional need of american and develop science-based dietary guidance
what are both FDA and USDA responsibility?
what is 100% organic mean?
only contain organic ingredients, not include water and salt.
what is organic mean?
95% organic not include water and salt
what is made with organic ingredient or food mean?
70% ingredient organic, not include water and salt.
what is IFIC, AND 's goal?
unbiased , factual communication.
examples for safe, tasty, nutritious, low-cost foods to combat hunger?
what is biotechnology?
an area of research that relates food science and agri
process of altering organisms to create new or improved products
what is advantage of biotechnology?
lower cost and larger crop yield
what is food analogs?
natural or manufactured substances used in place of foods or food components.
have long shelf life and does not need refrigeration.
what are top 10 food innovations?
jucie in boxes and foil pouches
safe canning procedures
frozen fruit juice concentrates
prepackage fruits vege and salads
freeze-dried products like instant coffee and tea
moisture control to prevent spoilage
milk in boxes
others-margarine, vege shortening, corn syrup, artificial sweeteners, shaped cereal and snack, artificial fats
what is cryogenic liquids?补充
quick freezing--minimum damage on cell structure, maintain much of the color, texture, nutritive value of fresh foods.
what is DHS responsible for?
department of homeland security-overall security of nation and american people.
what is food protection?
both food safety and food defense
what is food defense?
protection of food products from intentional adulteration by bio, chem, physical or radioactive agents