Chapter6️⃣ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter6️⃣ Deck (17)
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1
Q

What are the four titles given to Constininople?

A

New Rome, Constantine’s city, queen of the Mediterranean, and Second Rome

2
Q

What byzantine empire sought to restore the greatness of the Roman empire by extending the boundaries of the byzantine empire to their greatest extent?

A

Justinian

3
Q

What is the name of the organized church that developed within the byzantine empire?

A

Eastern orthodox church

4
Q

What decorative art did Byzintine artist create by using tiny pieces of glass or stone in wet cement or plaster?

A

Mosaic

5
Q

What is the name of the most famous of the byzantine architectural structures?

A

Hagia Sophia

6
Q

What ethnic group played a major role in establishing the early Russian state?

A

Slavs

7
Q

What city became the center of the early Russian state?

A

Kiev

8
Q

What Russian ruler adopted the Easten Othodox Church as the official religion of the Russian state?

A

Vladimier I

9
Q

What two byzantine missionaries developed a written language for the Slavic people of Russia?

A

Cyril and Methdius

10
Q

Under whose leadership did the city of Kiev reach the height of its power and prestige?

A

Yaroslav

11
Q

What name is given to the Arab nomads who roam the desert in search of pastureland and water?

A

Bedouins

12
Q

Who claimed to be the last and greatest of the prophets of Allah?

A

Muhammad

13
Q

What became the “Holy” city of the Islamic faith? What is the most sacrad shrine in that city?

A

Mecca and Kaaba

14
Q

What is the name of the holy book of islam?

A

the Koran

15
Q

What is the shaddah? What two critical contradictions does it lead in Islam?

A

the shahadah is the thesis of Islam and must be believed and recited regularly: There is no god but Allah, and Muhamad is his prophet. The contradiction is that God is the only God, not Allah and the bible is the ultimate revealer of the father.

16
Q

List the two caliphates that ruled the Islamic empire from the seventh to the eleventh centuries. Beside each caliphate write the name of the capital city of its empire.

A

Umayyad- Damascus and Abbasid- Baghdad

17
Q

What are the five pillars of Islam?

A

the shahadah, salat, zakat, sawm, and hajj