Chapters 1-3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 1-3 Deck (52)
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1

The exchange of information, ideas, feelings, and experiences using a common code understood by those involved

Communication

2

Facial expressions, posture, and movement

Gestural communication/Nonverbal communication

3

Spoken language

Oral communication

4

Writing

Written communication

5

Symbol system based on numbers, letters, symbols, icons, pictures, math formulas, sound
Eg: alphabet

Codes

6

Articulation, fluency, nasal resonance, voice

Speech

7

Produced sound

Phoneme

8

Configuration of our nose, throat, and mouth muscles

The sound we produce

9

The perception of sound

Hearing

10

Communication Disorder Definition

- impairment to receive, process/comprehend, and send concepts, nonverbal language, and code systems
- hearing, language, or speech
- mild to profound
- developmental or acquired
- more than one, or just one disorder

11

How does one determine what is abnormal?

- determine the normal
- bell curve

12

Edeology

- cause of a disorder
- environmental, developmental

13

Onset

- when the disorder appeared
- congenital (from birth/genetic) or acquired (brain injury)

14

Manifestation

- how the disorder shows up
- receptive, expressive, or both

15

Disorder interferes with ability to receive a message
- listening and reading

Receptive

16

Disorder interferes with ability to speak, comprehend
- speaking and writing

Expressive

17

Impaired comprehension of spoken or written language

Language disorder

18

Impaired speaking, sound production

Speech disorder

19

Impaired detecting, recognizing, processing auditory information

Hearing disorder

20

Assessment and Intervention

Evaluation and Treatment
Medical approach vs Developmental approach
Treating vs Helping

21

Rule system of how to build words, phrases, and sentences

Language form

22

Rule system governing how sounds are produced and combined to form words

Phonology

23

Rule system governing the smallest unit of meaning

Morphology

24

Smallest grammatical unit of meaning

Morpheme

25

Smallest unit that can stand on its own
- cat, happy, tree

Free morpheme

26

Smallest unit that cannot stand on its own
- ing, s

Bound morpheme

27

Rule system governing how words, phrases, and sentences are combined; word order

Syntax

28

Rule system governing the meanings of words, vocab, and word relationships

Semantics

29

Abstract language
Says one thing, means another

Figurative language

30

Rule system governing how language is used
Language in social situations

Pragmatics