Chapters 17&18 Flashcards Preview

Western Civilizations > Chapters 17&18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 17&18 Deck (58)
Loading flashcards...
1

unalterable privileges that ought not be with held from any person

natural rights

2

a monarchy that applied enlightened theories

enlightened absolutism

3

Who was Madame de pompadour

Louis the XV mistress

4

Why did England change it's name to Britain

because it gained Scotland and Wales

5

Who was Robert Walpole

Prime Minister of Great Britain during the reign of George I

6

nobility/ landed aristocracy in Prussia

Junkers

7

How did Frederich the great embrace the Enlightenment

he wanted to make the reforms and be a servant to the people

8

Why did he continue to have serfdom

he needed it for the nobility

9

Who was Maria Theresa

the first female ruler of Austria

10

Why did Joseph the II reforms fail

because he couldn't fight the nobility

11

How did Cathrine the Great gain control over Russia

her husband died

12

What were the limits to Cathrine's Reforms

she couldn't do much that the nobility didn't support

13

Who was Emelyan Pugachev

leader of a revolt against Cathrine the great

14

Why did Poland need a strong monarchy

the country was so weak and controlled by the nobility

15

Who was the marquis of Pombal

the prime minister of Portugal

16

distribution of power among several different states

Balance of Power

17

How did the war of Austrian Succession affect America, and India

it lead to the french and Indian war

18

general that lead British troops in India

Robert Clive

19

favoritism/inheritance to the first son

Primogeniture

20

orphanages in this period

foundling institutions

21

Why did people marry at younger ages

money

22

What happened to smaller farmers

they were forced to become tenant farmers and work for the rich

23

What did Jethro Tull invent

the planter

24

textile industry where people worked from home

cottage industry

25

What did Richard Arkwright invent

the water frame

26

What are tithes and who received them

they were taxes to the church that were paid to the nobility

27

homes of the aristocrats

country house

28

when young men travel across Europe

grand tour

29

How did the public opinion of the poor change

people no longer thought of them as unfortunate instead they figured that they were just lazy

30

What did Immanuel Kent mean when he said Dare to know

don't be afraid of intelligence