Chapters 2 & 3 : Medical / Psychological Models Flashcards Preview

OTA 110: Occupation Skills - Psychosocial > Chapters 2 & 3 : Medical / Psychological Models > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 2 & 3 : Medical / Psychological Models Deck (20):

this theory contains the id, ego and superego which operate unconsciously. A method of identifying unconscious processes is through symbols

Theory of Object Relations


Who came up with the Developmental Theory?

Erickson, Piaget, Gesell


What are the 8 stages of the Developmental Theory?

1) Basic Trust vs. Mistrust (birth-18 mo)
2) Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt (2-4 yrs)
3) Initiative vs. Guilt (3-5 yrs)
4) Industry vs. Inferiority (6-12 yrs)
5) Identity vs. Role Confusion (adolescence)
6) Intimacy vs. Isolation (young adult)
7) Generativity vs. Stagnation (middle adult)
8) Ego Integrity vs. Dispair (old age)


Behavioral Theories were developed by who?

Pavlov and Skinner


What theory is centered around behavior being learned and actions that have pleasurable consequences tend to be repeated?

Behavioral Theory


Id, Ego, Superego are part of what theory?

Theory of Object Relations


Reinforcement, Terminal Behavior, Shaping, Chaining, Backwards Chaining, Behavior are part of what theory?

Behavioral Theory


The theory that states that thinking and behavior are linked, and automatic thoughts and their feelings generate behavior is.......(is also associated with RET - rational emotive therapy)
Neutral events lead a person thinking either negatively or positively. These thoughts provoke emotional reactions in a person; consequently, this results in a behavioral reaction

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy


The theory that states that each human has the potential to direct his/her own growth and development and each person is free to choose his or her own course of action is, and includes terms such as warmth, genuineness, minimal response is.....

Client-Centered Therapy


The model that states that sub-skills are mastered in order and sub-skills from different areas may be addressed at the same time, provided they are normally acquired at the same chronological age is called......

Development of Adaptive Skills


The model that states that the goal is to help person acquire the specific skills needed to function in the occupational and social roles he or she has chosen

Role Acquisition + Social Skills Training Model


The model is the educational approach to improve the skills of persons with mental disorders which reflect deficient living skills.

Pyschoeducation Model


The theory that incorporates the smooth working together of all the senses to provide information needed for accurate perception and motor actions is the.....

Sensory Integration Theory


The theory that states that limitations in task behavior can be heirarchically described by the cognitive levels and includes terms such as cognitive level, routine tasks, task demands, etc is called......
Looks at the relationship between performance of an activity and cognitive processing. Uses crafts to measure cognitive function versus known/familiar tasks

Cognitive Disabilities Theory


The model that states that human beings have a natural, inborn tendency to act on the environment, to explore and master it, as well as human beings are an open system that interact with their environment is known as......
(Open system – input, throughput, output
Affected by things around it and can affect things around it)

Model of Human Occupations (MOHO)


Who came up with cognitive behavioral therapy?

Aaron Beck, Ellis and others


Who came up with client-centered therapy?

Carl Rogers


helps us identify where parts of our bodies are even if we can not see them. Feet under desk (SENSORY INTEGRATION THEORY)



information about movement and position of the body as it changes with muscular effort. Walking through the snow (SENSORY INTEGRATION THEORY)



Detects motion and the pull of gravity during movement. Fall while learning to skate (SENSORY INTEGRATION THEORY)

Vestibular awareness