Chapters 26-29, 31 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 26-29, 31 Deck (228)
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who is the father of Taxonomy

Carolus Linnaeus

1

what is taxonomy

the process of grouping organisms together based on shared similarities that suggest they are related evolutionarily

2

what is a taxon (plural taxa)

a group of shared similarities used in taxonomy

3

what does a prokarya have instead of a true nucleus

a nucleoid region

4

what is binomial nomenclature

the process of giving every organism a unique 2-part scientific name

5

what is the plural of genus and how is it pronounced

genera, pronounced similar to general

6

what is a specific epithet

a unique name following the genus identifying the species of an organism

7

what is a binomial (naming)

the 2-part scientific name of an organism

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why is the binomial always capitalized or underlined

to indicate that it is Latin

9

who published Systema Naturae and in what year

Carolus Linnaeus 1735

10

how many pages was the first edition of Systema Naturae

11 pages

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How many plants and animals were named and classified in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae (1758)

over 12,000

12

In scholarly texts how is the scientist that first described an organism in (Botany) indicated

Abbreviated surname

13

In scholarly texts how is the scientist that first described an organism in (Zoology) indicated

full surname

14

How is it indicated if the genus of a species has been changed since the organism's original description

Abbreviated (botany) or full (zoology) surname of describer and description date placed in parentheses

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What is the Domain of Humans

Eukarya

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What is the Kingdom of Humans

Animalia

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What is the Phylum of Humans

Chordata

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What is the Subphylum of Humans

Vertebrata

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What is the Class of Humans

Mammalia

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What is the Order of Humans

Primate

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What is the Family of Humans

Hominidae

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What is the Genus of Humans

Homo

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What is the species of Humans

Homo (sapiens)

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what organisms are considered eukarya

organisms made of eukaryotic cells

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what organisms are considered animalia

multicellular heterotrophic eukaryotes (sponges to humans)

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what organisms are considered Chordata

animals with a nerve chord (tunicates to humans)

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what organisms are considered Mammalia

vertebrates with hair and mammary glands (mice to humans)

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what organisms are considered Primate

mammals with short snouts, eyes forward, opposable thumbs (lemurs to humans)

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what organisms are considered Hominidae

primates with prominent face, flattened nails, no tail (Humans, chimps, bonobos, gorillas, orangutans)