Chapters 5-6 Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Med Term 250A > Chapters 5-6 Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 5-6 Digestive System Deck (97):
1

alk phos

alkaline phosphatase

2

BE

barium enema

3

BILI

bilirubin

4

BM

bowel movement

5

BRBPR

bright red blood per rectum

6

CBD

common bile duct

7

CUC

chronic ulcerative colitis

8

DU

duodenal ulcer

9

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

10

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

11

GER

gastroesophageal reflux

12

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

13

GI

gastrointestinal

14

IBD

inflammatory (or irritable) bowel disease

15

LAC

laparoscopic-assisted colectomy

16

IVC

intravenous cholangiogram

17

LAP

laparotomy

18

LFTs

liver function tests

19

NBS

normal bowel sounds

20

NG

nasogastric

21

NGT

nasogastric tube

22

NPO

nothing by mouth (nil per os)

23

PEG tube

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube

24

PEJ tube

percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube

25

PTC

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

26

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

27

SBO

small-bowel obstruction

28

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

29

an/o

anus

30

append/o
appendic/o

appendix

31

bucc/o

cheek

32

cec/o

cecum

33

celi/o

belly, abdomen

34

cheil/o

lip

35

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

36

choledoch/o

common bile duct

37

col/o

colon

38

colon/o

colon

39

dent/i

tooth

40

duoden/o

duodenum

41

enter/o

intestines, usually small intestine

42

esophag/o

esophagus

43

faci/o

face

44

gastr/o

stomach

45

gingiv/o

gums

46

gloss/o

tongue

47

hepat/o

liver

48

ile/o

ileum

49

jejun/o

jejunum

50

labi/o

lip

51

lapar/o

abdomen

52

lingu/o

tongue

53

mandibul/o

lower jaw, mandible

54

odont/o

tooth

55

or/o

mouth

56

palat/o

palate

57

pancreat/o

pancreas

58

peritone/o

peritoneum

59

pharyng/o

throat

60

proct/o

anus and rectum

61

pylor/o

pyloric sphincter

62

rect/o

rectum

63

sialaden/o

salivary gland

64

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

65

stomat/o

mouth

66

uvul/o

uvula

67

amyl/o

starch

68

bil/i

gall, bile

69

bilirubin/o

bilirubin (bile pigment)

70

chol/e

gall, bile

71

chlorhydr/o

hydrochloric acid

72

gluc/o

sugar

73

glyc/o

sugar

74

glycogen/o

glycogen, animal starch

75

lip/o

fat, lipid

76

lith/o

stone

77

prote/o

protein

78

py/o

pus

79

sial/o

saliva, salivary

80

steat/o

fat

81

-ase

enzyme

82

-chezia

defecation, elimination of wastes

83

-iasis

abnormal condition

84

-prandial

meal

85

-ectasis
-ectasia

dilation (dilatation), widening

86

-emsis

vomiting

87

-pepsia

digestion

88

-phagia

eating, swallowing

89

-plasty

surgical repair

90

-ptysis

spitting

91

-rrhage
-rrhagia

bursting forth (of blood)

92

-rrhaphy

suture

93

-rrhea

flow, discharge

94

-spasm

involuntary contraction of muscles

95

-stasis

stopping, controlling

96

-stenosis

narrowing, tightening

97

-tresia

opening