Chapters 1-3 Flashcards Preview

Med Term 250A > Chapters 1-3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 1-3 Deck (192):
1

-ac

pertaining to

2

-al

pertaining to

3

-algia

pain

4

-cyte

cell

5

-eal

pertaining to

6

-ectomy

excision, removal

7

-emia

blood condition

8

-genic

pertaining to, producing, produced by, or produced in

9

-globin

protein

10

-gram

record

11

-iac

pertaining to

12

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

13

-itis

inflammation

14

-ion

process

15

-ior

pertaining to

16

-ism

process, condition

17

-ist

specialist

18

-logy

process of study

19

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling

20

-opsy

process of viewing (biopsy)

21

-ose

pertaining to, full of

22

-osis

condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)

23

-path

disease condition

24

-plasm

formation

25

-scope

instrument to visually examine(endoscope)

26

-scopy

process of visually examining (endoscopy)

27

-sis

state of; condition

28

-somes

bodies

29

-tomy

process of cutting, incision

30

-type

picture, classification

31

-y

process, condition

32

a-an-

no, not, without

33

abdomin/o

abdomen

34

acr/o

extremities, top, extreme point

35

acu/o

sharp, sever, sudden

36

aden/o

gland

37

adip/o

fat

38

amni/o

amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)

39

ana-

up

40

angi/o

vessel

41

anter/o

front

42

arteri/o

artery

43

arthr/o

joint

44

aut-auto-

self, own

45

axill/o

armpit

46

bi/o

life

47

blephar/o

eyelid

48

bol/o

to cast (throw)

49

bronch/o

bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)

50

carcin/o

cancerous, cancer

51

cardi/o

heart

52

cata-

down

53

cephal/o

head

54

cerebr/o

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

55

cervic/o

neck (of the body or of the uterus)

56

chem/o

drug, chemical

57

chondr/o

cartilage (type of connective tissue)

58

chrom/o

color

59

chron/o

time

60

cis/o

to cut (incision)

61

coccyg/o

coccyx (tailbone)

62

col/o

colon (large intestine)

63

crani/o

skull

64

crin/o

to secrete (to form and give off) (endocrine glands)

65

cyst/o

urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)

66

cyt/o

cell

67

derm/o

dermat/o

skin

68

dia-

complete, through

69

dist/o

far, distant

70

dors/o

back portion of the body

71

electro/o

electricity

72

encephal/o

brain

73

endo-

within

74

enter/o

intestines (usually the small intestine)

75

epi-

above, upon

76

erythr/o

red

77

ex-exo-

out, outside of, outward

78

gastr/o

stomach

79

glyc/o

sugar

80

gnos/o

knowledge

81

gynec/o

woman, female

82

hemat/o

hem/o

blood

83

hepat/o

liver

84

hist/o

tissue

85

hist/o

tissue

86

hyper-

excessive, above, more than normal

87

hypo-

deficient, below, under, less than normal

88

iatr/o

treatment, physician

89

ili/o

ilium (part f the pelvic bone)

90

in-

into, in

91

inguin/o

groin

92

inter-

between

93

kary/o

nucleus

94

later/o

side

95

leuk/o

white

96

log/o

study of

97

lumb/o

lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)

98

medi/o

middle

99

meta-

change

100

nephr/o

kidney

101

neur/o

nerve

102

nucle/o

nucleus

103

onc/o

tumor

104

ophthalm/o

eye

105

oste/o

bone

106

path/o

disease

107

ped/o

child

108

pelv/i

pelvis, hip region

109

peri-

surrounding, around

110

poster/o

back, behind

111

pro-

before, forward

112

proxim/o

nearest

113

psych/o

mind

114

radi/o

x-rays

115

re-

back, backward, again

116

ren/o

kidney

117

retro-

behind

118

rhin/o

nose

119

sacr/o

sacrum

120

sarc/o

flesh

121

sect/o

to cut (resection)

122

spin/o

spine, backbone

123

sub-

below, under

124

thel/o, theli/o

nipple

125

thromb/o

clot, clotting

126

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

127

trans-

across, through

128

unbilic/o

navel, umbilicus

129

ur/o

urinary tract, urine

130

ventr/o

belly side of the body

131

vertebr/o

vertebra(e), backbone(s)

132

viscer/o

internal organs

133

hydr/o

water, fluid

134

isch/o

to hold back

135

lapar/o

abdomen, abdominal wall

136

laryng/o

larynx

137

lymph/o

lymph

138

mamm/o

breast

139

mast/o

breast

140

morph/o

shape, form

141

muc/o

mucus

142

my/o

muscle

143

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

144

necr/o

death (of cells or whole body)

145

neutr/o

neutrophil (a white blood cell)

146

ot/o

ear

147

peritone/o

peritoneum

148

phag/o

to eat, swallow

149

phleb/o

vein

150

plas/o

formation, development

151

pleur/o

pleura (membrane surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall)

152

pneumon/o

lungs

153

pulmon/o

lungs

154

rect/o

rectum

155

splen/o

spleen

156

staphyl/o

clusters

157

strept/o

twisted chains

158

thorac/o

chest

159

tonsill/o

tonsils

160

ven/o

vein

161

-cele

hernia

162

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

163

-coccus (singular)

-cocci (plural)

berry-shaped bacterium

((bacteria plural)

164

-dynia

pain

165

-genesis

condition of producing, forming

166

-graph

instument for recording

167

-graphy

process of recording

168

-lysis

breakdown, destruction, separation

169

-malacia

softening

170

-megaly

enlargement

171

-penia

deficiency

172

-phobia

fear

173

-plasia

development, formation, growth

174

-plasty

surgical repair

175

-ptosis

drooping, falling, prolapse

176

-sclerosis

-hardening

177

-stasis

controlling, stopping

178

-stomy

opening to form a mouth (stoma)

179

-therapy

treatment

180

-trophy

develpment, nourishment

181

-er

one who

182

-ia

condition

183

-ole

little, small

184

-ule

little, small

185

-um, -ium

structure, tissue

186

-us

structure, substance

187

-ar

pertaining to

188

-ary

pertaining to

189

-oid

resembling, derived from

190

-ous

pertaining to

191

-tic

pertaining to

192