Characters Flashcards Preview

The Odyssey > Characters > Flashcards

Flashcards in Characters Deck (36):
1

Penelope

Odysseus' wife.
She feels sorry for herself and is constantly crying because her husband has not returned.

2

Telemachus

Odysseus' son.
At the start of the first book, he is feeling sorry for himself and is "disconsolate" however after Athene's visit, he changes and tells his mother off for the same behaviour he was displaying earlier.

3

Calypso

Keeping Odysseus captive at Ogygia for 7 years.
She's in love with Odysseus, wants to marry him and make him immortal.

4

Nestor

King of Pylos

5

Menelaus

King of Sparta

6

Poisiden

Angry with Odysseus because he blinded his son.
His son asked Poisiden to do whatever he could to prevent Odysseus from returning home.

7

Antinous

A Suitor.
Argues with Telemachus about the suitors leaving.

8

Eurymachus

A Suitor.
Asks Telemachus who his visitor was (Athene disguised as Mentes)

9

Zeus

He destroyed Odysseus' last ship which caused him to end up at Ogygia. He didn't seem to either like or dislike Odysseus, he just did what Hyperion and Athena told him to.

10

Hermes

A Messenger of the Gods.
He asked Calypso to release Odysseus (because the Gods told him to) and brought Odysseus moly (of his own accord).

11

Ino

A Nymph who liked to help people. She gave Odysseus a veil to protect him.

12

River God

Calms the streams to make it easier for Odysseus to get to Scherie.

13

Nausicaa

Daughter of King Alcinous
She's very brave and was the only one who didn't run from Odysseus. She's also very beautiful and Odysseus compares her to Artemis.

14

Nausithous

Founder of new Settlement in Scherie (away from the Cyclopes)

15

King Alcinous.

King of the Phaecians.

16

Queen Arete.

Queen of the Phaecians.
Described as settling "affairs of even men" but in reality does not do much apart from set up Odysseus' bed arrangements.

17

Demodocus

Palace Bard, well respected. Makes Odysseus cry.
Curse of no sight, gift of the voice.

18

Euryalus.

Phaecian Lord.
Insults Odysseus by saying he's unsuitable to participate in the games and calling him a "merchant".

19

Cicones

The Achaeans invade them so all of the Cicones fight against them. They're faithful and loyal. Overnight pillaging.

20

Lotus Eaters

Addicted to a fruit and want others to have it too.
Odysseus had to force his men back to the ship, only hindered them for a few hours.

21

Cyclops- Polyphemus

No respect for the Gods (even though his father is one of them).
Hindered Odysseus for a few days and took away some of his kleos. His Xenia contrasts with the Phaecians.

22

Elpenor

Member of Odysseus' crew who got drunk at Circe's palace and died by falling off the roof.
They found out in book 11.

23

Antiphates

The Laestrygonian chief.

24

Laestrygonians

Cannibals and Giants.
Attacked all of Odysseus' ships bar one.

25

Eurylochus

Sub-leader of Odysseus' crew. Didn't want to enter Circe's palace, thought it was a trap- more sensible than Odysseus, but with Hyperion Odysseus is more sensible than him.

26

Aeolus

God of the Winds.
Gave Odysseus a bag of wind but his crew opened it, thinking it was treasure, which sent Odysseus straight back to Aeolia and Aeolus refused to help again.

27

Circe

Sorceress.
Tried to turn Odysseus and his men into pigs but Odysseus tricked her into swearing an oath not to harm him. They stayed with her for a year.

28

Sirens

Creatures that bring sailors to their death with their beautiful voices. Odysseus' men covered their ears with wax and strapped Odysseus to the mast. Circe warned them about the Sirens.

29

Scylla

A creature with 6 necks and 12 feet, Kills 6 people at once, no way to avoid it. Circe told Odysseus not to dight back.

30

Charybdis

Whirlpool that brings ships to the bottom of ocean. When he was with his men, they avoided it but when he was getting to Ogygia he had was hindered.

31

Hyperion

Sun God.
Very protective over cattle, he blackmails Zeus saying that if justice is not served he will go down to the underworld.

32

Agamemnon

Killed by wife and wife's lover. Warns Odysseus to be wary of home, which contrasts to Odysseus' meeting with Anticleia. Thinks Penelope is more trustworthy than other women.

33

Anticleia

Odysseus' mother.
Died of a broken heart, possibly trying to make Odysseus feel guilty.

34

Achilles

Has achieved glory and honour through his acomplishments in war, but still would rather be alive than dead. Example of someone who values glory less and less but still cares about son's glory which shows that you can't lose it completely.

35

Teirisias

Blind Theban prophet. Warns Odysseus not to eat the cattle. Odysseus is destined to return home= questions how much free will people have.

36

Laertes

Odysseus' father.
Lives alone on a farm. Is not accepting Kingship of Ithaca and their oikos is extremely dysfunctional.