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Radiological Imaging > Chest > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chest Deck (44):
1

PUO

Pyrexia of Unknown Origin

2

Pyrexia

High temperature

3

Basal creps

Abnormal breathing noise in base of lung

4

APO

Acute Pulmonary Odema

5

RVF

Right Ventricular Failure

6

Pulmonary Odema

Fluid overload on lungs

7

Delirium

Not fully comprehensive of surroundings/ altered mental state.

8

Flail chest

Multiple ribs broken in multiple places.

9

PE

Pulmonary Embolism

10

SCC

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

11

CHD

Congenital Heart Disease

12

ETT

Endo-Trachial Tube

13

PICC

Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter

14

URTI

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

15

Tension Pneumothorax

Traumatic injury causing wound in chest wall, creating one-way valve allowing air into pleural cavity, but not escape.

16

Heart Valve Disease

Defect of a heart valve which can lead to an enlarged heart.

17

Suspected Heart Failure

Heart muscle is not able to pump enough blood to meet body's demand for blood and oxygen, therefore lungs fill with interstitial fluid.

18

Suspected Pulmonary Embolism

Blockage in pulmonary artery of lung, most likely caused by blood clot.

19

Fractured Ribs

Injury where rib cracks or breaks, usually due to chest trauma.

20

Line Placement Image

Chest x-ray to check whether medical lines are inserted correctly.

21

Line Placement Projections

AP Erect or AP Supine

22

Fractured Rib Projections

Oblique Chest e.g LPO (Left Posterior Oblique)

23

Pulmonary Embolism Projections

PA Erect/AP Erect

24

Heart Failure Projections

PA Erect/AP Erect
L/R Lat

25

Heart Valve Disease Projections

PA Erect/AP Erect

26

Tension Pneumothorax Projections

PA/AP Erect Insp.
AP/PA Erect Exsp.

27

Pneumonia

Lung inflammation caused by infection, where alveoli fill with pus.

28

Pneumonia Projections

PA Erect/AP Erect
L Lat (or R Lat if more appropriate).

29

Pleural Effusion

Excess fluid accumulates inside pleural cavity, limiting expansion of lungs and causing shortness of breath.

30

Pleural Effusion Projections

PA Erect/AP Erect
L/R Lat

31

Suspected Aortic Dissection Projections

PA Erect, AP Erect most likely.
*AP Erect most likely due to low blood pressure.

32

Congenital Heart Disease Projections

AP Supine
*AP Supine due to infant

33

Suspected Aortic Dissection Image Pathology

Loss of contour of aortic knuckle.
Widened mediastinum.
Globular heart.

34

Suspected Pulmonary Embolism Image Pathology

Section of lung would be dying.

35

Suspected Heart Failure Image Pathology

Enlarged heart.
Lungs filled with interstitial fluid.

36

Heart Valve Disease Image Pathology

Enlarged Heart

37

Congenital Heart Disease Image Pathology

Enlarged Heart

38

Pneumonia Image Pathology

Cloudy/grey appearance in any part of lung.
Air bronchogram

39

Air Bronchogram

Outline of airway made visible due to surrounding alveoli being filled with fluid.

40

Pleural Effusion Image Pathology

Clear fluid level on one lung.

41

Cancer Image Pathology

Appearance of dense mass in chest.

42

Pneumothorax Image Pathology

Clear outline of lung wall.
Clear black space between lung wall and ribs.

43

Tension Pneumothorax Image Pathology

Clear outline of lunch wall.
Clear black space between lung wall and ribs.
Mediastinum has shifted.

44

Pneumothorax Definition

Collapsed lung due to air leaking into space between lung and chest wall.