Hand and Fingers Flashcards Preview

Radiological Imaging > Hand and Fingers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hand and Fingers Deck (25):
1

Traumatic Amputation

Loss of body part due to accident or injury.

2

Salter-Harris Fracture

Fracture involving epiphysis of bone.

3

Crush Fracture

Squeezing of body part between two objects, resulting in broken bone/s.

4

Boxer's Fracture

Fracture to head of 5th metacarpal (sometimes also 4th and 3rd), with anterior displacement of fragment.

5

Finger Dislocation

Bones of finger are moved from normal position, due to injury or accident.

6

Osteoarthritis

Degeneration of joint cartilage and underlying bone.

7

Bone Tumour

Neoplastic (abnormal) growth of tissue on bone.

8

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Autoimmune disease where body attacks itself in its joints.

9

Rheumatoid Arthritis Projections

Bilateral PA hand.
Bilateral Lat hand.
Bilateral AP internal oblique hand.

10

Bone Tumour Projections

PA hand.
PA external oblique hand. ??
Lat hand. ??

11

Osteoarthritis Projections

PA hand.
PA external oblique hand.
Lat hand.

12

Finger Dislocation Projections

PA hand.
PA external oblique hand.
Lat hand.

13

Boxer's Fracture Projections

PA hand.
PA external oblique hand.
Lat hand.
AP internal oblique hand, if Boxer's fracture seen.

14

Crush Fracture Projections

PA hand.
PA external oblique hand. ??
Lat hand. ??

15

Salter-Harris Fracture Projections

PA finger.
Lat finger.
External Oblique finger if possible.

AP thumb (or PA thumb).
Oblique thumb.
Lat thumb.

16

Traumatic Amputation Projections

PA hand.
PA external oblique hand. ??
Lat hand. ??

17

Rheumatoid Arthritis Image Pathology

Finger deviation.
Sclerosis and erosion.

18

Osteoarthritis Image Pathology

Swelling of tissue.
Sclerosis and erosion.

19

Crush Fracture Image Pathology

Damage to cortical bone (hard outer layer of bone).

20

Bony Tumour Image Pathology

Soft tissue swelling.
Palm most likely to be underexposed.

21

Avulsion Fracture

Ligament pulls piece of bone off due to injury.

22

Avulsion Fracture Projections

PA finger.
Lat finger.
External oblique finger (depending on finger).

23

Bennet's Fracture

Fracture to the base of the 1st metacarpal.

24

Bennet's Fracture Projections

AP thumb/PA thumb.
Oblique thumb (PA hand position).
Lateral thumb.

25

Mallet Finger

Avulsion fracture of proximal/distal interphalangeal joint.