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Medicine II: Pediatrics > Child Development II > Flashcards

Flashcards in Child Development II Deck (72)
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1

Boys @ 9-­‐14 yo

Testes begin to enlarge, scrotal skin reddens and thickens

2

Pubarche in Boys

10-­‐15, penis starts growing, so do you

3

Spermarche

12-­‐16

4

Boys @ 12-­‐16

SPERMARCHE! Peak of height spurt, facial and body hair begin to grow, voice begins to deepen, penis is done

5

Pubic hair growth completed (both boys and girls)

14-­‐16

6

Thelarche

8-­‐13, also begins growth spurt

7

Girls Pubarche

8-­‐14

8

Girls @ 10-­‐16

Menarche, adult stature, axillary hair, breast growth completed

9

Early Adolescents age range:

10-13

10

Early Adolescents Body Image

preoccupation w/self and pubertal changes, uncertainty about appearance.

11

Early Adolescents Peers

intense relationships w/ same sex friend

12

Early Adolescents Independence

less interest in parental activities

13

Early Adolescents Identity

increased cognition, increased fantasy world, idealistic vocational goals, increased need or privacy, lack of impulse control

14

Middle Adolescence age range:

14-16

15

Middle Adolescence Body Image

general acceptance of body, concern over making body more attractive

16

Middle Adolescence Peers

peak of peer involvement, conformity w/ peer values, increased sexual activity and experimentation

17

Middle Adolescence Independence

peak of parental conflicts

18

Middle Adolescence Identity

increased scope of feelings, increased intellectual ability, feeling of omnipotence, risk-­‐taking

19

Late Adolescents age range:

17+

20

Late Adolescents Body Image

acceptance of pubertal changes

21

Late Adolescents Peers

peer group less important, more time spent in sharing intimate relationships

22

Late Adolescents Independence

reacceptance of parental advice and values

23

Late Adolescents Identity

practical, realistic vocational goals, refinement of moral/religious/sexual values, ability to compromise and set limits

24

Personality Development

The effect of a particular experience will be influenced by the child’s development, and the child’s temperament
will influence the responses of others in the child’s environment

25

Temperament:

The style with which the child interacts with the environment

26

What do variations in children’s behavior reflect?

A blend of intrinsic biologic characteristics and the environments with which the children interact

27

What is a Learning Disability?

Impairment in the acquisition and/or use of spoke (oral) language, written language (reading/spelling/writing) and mathematical skills. Characterized by academic functioning that is substantially below that expected, given the individual's age, schooling and level of intelligence.

28

Types of Learning Disabilities:

Reading disorder
Disorder of written expression
Mathematics disorder
Learning disorder not otherwise specified

29

Learning Disability Risk Factors

Complications during prenatal/perinatal period, infections of CNS, traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, psychiatric disorder, chronic or debilitating health conditions

Family history: speech and/or language delay, difficulty learning to read or spell, grade retention, behavior problems or trouble in school, school failure

30

Learning Disability Management

Parent education.
Therapies and special ed targeted at child’s specific needs/deficits.
Special devices: hearing aide, orthotics.
Medications: specific target symptoms, outcomes.
Medical follow up.