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Flashcards in Chinese History Deck (16)
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1

Dynasty

series of rulers that are members of the same family

2

Mandate of Heaven

the approval from the gods to rule over China

3

Dynastic Cycle

pattern of the rise, fall, and replacement of ruling Chinese dynasties.

4

Filial piety

respect for their parents and elders.

5

Bureaucracy

a system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of a government

6

Human capital

knowledge, skills, and talent a person posseses

7

Investment in human capital

efforts to acquire and improve human capital

8

shinto

which is a native Japanese religion meaning “way of the gods,” and focuses on worshiping nature and ancestor gods.

9

Etiquette

a code of correct behavior and appearance, was also extremely important

10

Feudalism

social and economic system in which peasant farmers worked land for a landowner (daimyo), and by paying a price and giving their loyalty, they were protected by the owner’s samurai

11

samurai

loyal warriors who lived according to a demanding code of behavior called bushido.

12

bushido

the “way of the warrior” a samurai was expected to show reckless courage, reverence for the gods, fairness, and generosity toward those weaker than himself.

13

shogun

military dictator that was able to gain power from the emperor and things like officials, judges, taxes, armies, and roads were all under his authority.

14

daimyo

territorial lords who protected those loyal to them with a private army of samurai.

15

kabuki

actors in elaborate costumes using music, dance, and mime, performed skits about urban life.

16

haikus

type of poetry that does not express ideas but presents images.