Flashcards in Chinese History Deck (7)
What is the 'Mandate of Heaven'?
A Chinese political and religious doctrine used since ancient times to justify the rule of the King or Emperor of China
What is Confucianism?
A humanist philosophy which places emphasis on morality, virtues and social order
3 examples of major relationships under Confucius principles?
Ruler and subject; Father and son; Husband and wife
Does the 'Mandate of Heaven' requirenoble birth?
No, dependant on the able performance of the leader e.g Ming & Han Dynasty
What is the Western 'Divine Right of Kings'?
The belief that authority is derived from the will of God and attempts to change this are unjust
What has a lack of individualism promoted?
Respect of established authority and lack of scientific and geographical exploration