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Flashcards in Chinese History Deck (7)
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1

What is the 'Mandate of Heaven'?

A Chinese political and religious doctrine used since ancient times to justify the rule of the King or Emperor of China

2

What is Confucianism?

A humanist philosophy which places emphasis on morality, virtues and social order

3

3 examples of major relationships under Confucius principles?

Ruler and subject; Father and son; Husband and wife

4

Does the 'Mandate of Heaven' requirenoble birth?

No, dependant on the able performance of the leader e.g Ming & Han Dynasty

5

What is the Western 'Divine Right of Kings'?

The belief that authority is derived from the will of God and attempts to change this are unjust

6

What has a lack of individualism promoted?

Respect of established authority and lack of scientific and geographical exploration

7

Example of how lack of individualism had been translated to historical foreign policy?

Concentric circles of relations e.g Middle Kingdom, Tributary States, Barbarians

Great Wall of China