Chopin: ‘Raindrop’ Prelude No. 15 in D♭ Flashcards Preview

Music GCSE > Chopin: ‘Raindrop’ Prelude No. 15 in D♭ > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chopin: ‘Raindrop’ Prelude No. 15 in D♭ Deck (10)
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1

Structure

o Ternary Form (ABA):
A - melody has it's own ABA structure
B - new melody (repeated crotchets)
A - return to opening melody, coda

2

Rhythm

o Septuplets/Dectuplets – 6/10 equal notes fit into 1 beat
o Repeated Quavers – unifying, ‘raindrop’-like
o Dotted Rhythms – lighter feel

3

Metre

o 4/4

4

Tempo

o Sostenuto – ‘sustained’, legato and unhurried
o Rubato – expressive, flexible tempo
o Slentando/Ritenuto – slow down

5

Melody

o Lyrical
o Regular Phrases – 4/8-bars
o Section A – RH (ornaments, dotted rhythms, chromaticism)
o Section B – LH (narrower range, longer notes)
o Ornamentation – grace notes

6

Tonality

o Section A – D♭ major
o Section B – C♯ enharmonic tonic minor
o Imperfect Cadences – A+B
o Perfect Cadences – coda

7

Harmony

o Mainly Diatonic
o Occasional Chromaticism
o Dominant Pedal (A: D♭ major, B: G♯)

8

Texture

o Mainly Homophonic
o Monophonic (2 bars near end)
o Section A:
RH – melody
LH – broken chords
o Section B (more chordal):
RH – repeated quavers (inverted dominant pedal), doubled in octaves
LH – melody (2 parts)

9

Dynamics

o Sotto Voce – playing quietly
o Smorzando – dying away
o No Sudden Contrasts – diminuendos, crescendos
o Wide Range – pianissimo, fortissimo (especially Section B)

10

Instrumentation

o Piano
o Range – middle and lower
o Style – legato (sustaining pedal) and singing (cantabile), not virtuosic