Handel: ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ from Messiah Flashcards Preview

Music GCSE > Handel: ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ from Messiah > Flashcards

Flashcards in Handel: ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ from Messiah Deck (9)
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1

Performing Forces

o Choir – sopranos, altos, tenors, basses
o 2 Violins (double the voice line, octaves)
o Viola
o Continuo – bass (cello) and keyboard (organ)

2

Structure

o Ritornello/i – orchestral introduction (returns later in 2 different places)
o 4 Motifs – A+B, C+D, then different combinations
o Antiphony – voices and instruments alternate

3

Melody

o Theme A – altos start, anacrusis, disjunct, conjunct, syllabic
o Theme B – tenors start, conjunct, descending sequence, melisma (‘revealed’)
o Theme C – altos start, rising 4th, repeated short descending melody
o Theme D – tenors and basses start, monotone pedal, solemn and psalm-like

4

Rhythm

o Steady and almost continuous crotchet movement keeps music moving forward
o Dotted rhythms (A+B)

5

Metre

o Dance-Like Metre – 3/4
o Hemiola – music feels like 2/4

6

Tempo

o Allegro – fast
o General Pause – bar of total silence
o Adagio – drawn-out ending

7

Tonality

o A major
o Modulations – dominant (E major) and dominant of dominant (B major)
o Plagal Cadence et end (Perfect Cadences elsewhere)
o Lots of Prepared Dissonances and Suspensions

8

Texture

o Mainly Contrapuntal – lots of independent melodic lines
o Homophonic – melody (choir) and accompaniment (orchestra)
o Monophonic – very short passage
o Imitative Polyphony – tenors immediately copied by basses and sopranos, ‘shall be revealed’
o Varying Textures – different combinations

9

Word-Setting

o Syllabic – ‘For the mouth of the Lord’
o Melismatic – ‘revealed’
o Repeated Phrases
o Accents – important words are stressed (‘Glory’ and ‘Lord’)