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Religious Studies OCR GCSE > Christianity: Practices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Christianity: Practices Deck (82):
1

What is worship?

How religious people describe how they feel about and act towards God

2

What do Christians show through their worship?

1) adoration
2) love
3) honour
4) respect

3

What is congregation?

A group of Christians meeting for worship

4

What are the three basic forms of worship?

1) liturgical
2) non-liturgical
3) charismatic

5

What is liturgical worship?

A more formal service with a set pattern

6

What denominations use liturgical worship?

1) Roman Catholic Church
2) Orthodox
3) Church of England

7

What do the colours of the vestements (robes) that the priest wears during the service or liturgy express?

The character of what it is that is being celebrated or remembered

8

When are the colours white and gold used?

Special celebrations, like Easter and Christmas

9

When is the colour red used?

On days when Christians recall the suffering and death of Jesus. It also recalls the coming of the Holy Spirit and is used on Pentecost and for Confirmation

10

When is the colour violet or purple used?

In Advent to help remind Christians that it is a time of preparation for the coming of Christ. These colours are also used during Lent, the season of penance and renewal

11

What are the two main types of service in liturgical worship?

1) Eucharist service
2) service of the Word

12

What does the Eucharist service celebrate or remember?

Jesus' suffering and death

13

What do the bread and wine received during the Eucharist service represent?

Jesus' body and blood

14

What does the service of the Word focus on?

1) Bible readings
2) the sermon

15

What do Anglican services use for congregational worship?

1) Book of Common Prayer
2) Common Worship liturgy boooks

16

What is transubstantiation?

The transformation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ despite no change in appearance and taste

17

What do Quakers call their worship?

A 'meeting for worship'

18

How long do Quaker meetings last for?

Approximately an hour

19

What is ministry?

During Quaker worship when people may choose to speak, pray or read aloud

20

When does a Quaker meeting end?

When two Quakers shake hands

21

What is open communion?

All people are welcome to participate in the communion

22

What is non-liturgical service?

Services that may be more spontaneous and have little pre-organised structure

23

What Churches use non-liturgical worship?

1) Baptist
2) United Reformed
3) Presbyterian
4) Methodist

24

What is a sacrament?

A ritual through which the grace (or blessings) of God can be received

25

List the sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church.

1) baptism
2) Eucharist
3) confirmation
4) reconciliation
5) marriage
6) holy orders
7) anointing of the sick

26

What two sacraments do the Protestant Churches and the Church of England recognise?

1) baptism
2) Eucharist

27

What is consubstantiation?

The belief that Jesus is spiritually present in the bread and wine

28

Why is the Eucharist important for Christians?

1) reminds them of the sacrifice of Jesus and the salvation they have received
2) brings them closer to the other members of the Christian community to which they belong
3) symbolises their connection with all Christians

29

What does the sacrament of baptism symbolise?

A person's admission into the Christian Church

30

What does it mean when water is sprinkled over a person's head or they are immersed in water during baptism?

Purification and being washed clean from sin

31

What is an infant baptism ceremony called?

Christening

32

Which denominations practice infant baptism?

1) Roman Catholic Church
2) Orthodox Church
3) Church of England

33

What is confirmation?

When a person can make a public statement of faith and reaffirm the promises their parents made on their behalf when they were a baby

34

In most denominations, what does a person have to be before they can share in the Eucharist or communion?

Baptised

35

What is prayer?

A way in which Christians believe they can communicate with God

36

What does the Lord's prayer include?

1) confession of the things the Christian has done wrong
2) thanksgiving for all God has given them
3) adoration of God
4) concern for others
5) supplication (asking for something special for themselves or others)

37

Why is private worship important to Christians?

It helps them develop a close and personal relationship with God

38

List some of the different types of prayer.

1) adoration
2) confession
3) supplications and intercession
4) thanksgiving

39

What do prayers of adoration focus on?

God's character and who He is

40

What does 'supplications' mean?

Asking for help

41

What do prayers of intercession focus on?

Praying on behalf of others in the hope that God will help them

42

What is The Grace?

A prayer

43

What does The Grace acknowledge?

God's love and generosity to people

44

What is 'meditational prayer'?

When a believer focuses in stillness upon God

45

What is a pilgrimage?

1) part of a person's spiritual journey
2) a physical journey that will take a person to a place of religious significance

46

List some popular places for Christian pilgrimage.

1) Lourdes
2) Jerusalem
3) Walsingham
3) Rome

47

What do Christians celebrate at Christmas?

Jesus' birth

48

Why was Jesus’ conception miraculous?

Mary was a virgin

49

What are wise men known as?

Magi

50

How were Magi guided to the place of Jesus’ birth?

By a star

51

What gifts did the Magi bring with them?

Gold, frankincense and myrrh

52

What does the gold symbolise?

Kingship

53

What does frankincense symbolise?

The presence of God

54

What does the myrrh symbolise?

The prediction of Jesus’ death

55

What does Advent in the Church mark?

1) the period of waiting for the celebration of Jesus’ birth
2) Jesus’ Second Coming at the end of time

56

What are the benefits to Christians of going on pilgrimage?

1) their experience brings them closer to God as other distractions in life are stripped away
2) they become more aware of their need for God as they endure the physical challenges of a pilgrimage
3) being in places of significant religious meaning can have a deeply spiritual impact
4) pilgrimage may cause a believer to experience a great sense of awe and wonder or a fresh revelation of God

57

What caused Lourdes to become a place of pilgrimage?

In 1858 at Lourdes, in France, a 14-year-old girl named Bernadette Soubirous had a series of visions from God. A spring appeared at the site of the visions and today the water is believed to have healing powers

58

Why is Jerusalem a significant place to many Christians?

This is where Jesus lived towards the end of his life and it is where he died, was buried and seen alive after his resurrection

59

Where would a pilgrim go to visit the site of St Peter's bones?

St Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Rome

60

What is the Stone of Unction?

The stone on which Jesus' body is believed to have been laid and washed after his crucifixion

61

What is Advent?

The mark of waiting for both the celebration of Jesus' birth and for his second coming

62

What day starts Holy Week?

Palm Sunday

63

What is being remembered on Maundy Thursday?

The commandment that Jesus gave his disciples at the last supper to love one another, just as he had loved them

64

On what day is there a vigil held and why?

Easter Saturday

65

What is celebrated on Easter Sunday?

1) Jesus' resurrection
2) Jesus' victory over sin

66

What is the purpose of infant baptism?

To represent leaving behind the life of sin and having a new Christian life

67

What is the link between infant baptism and confirmation?

Children who have been baptised as babies may choose to make their own decision about belonging to the Christian faith when they are old enough in a ritual known as confirmation

68

Name the denominations that practise infant baptism.

1) Roman Catholic Church
2) Church of England
3) Orthodox Church

69

What elements would you expect to be part of a Christian wedding service?

1) the minister explains the purpose of marriage
2) the minister checks that there is no lawful reason why the couple may not be married
3) the couple exchange their vows in front of God and all the witnesses in the church
4) the couple exchange rings
5) the minister asks that God bless the vows they have made to one another
6) Eucharist

70

What is a stefana?

A silver crown

71

In which denomination is a stefana part of a marriage service?

Orthodox Church

72

What is the purpose of the vows in a Christian wedding service?

To promise to love and support one another in all circumstances until death

73

What is the sipping of wine from the cup symbolic of in an Orthodox wedding service?

The time recorded in the Bible when Jesus turned water into wine at a wedding in Cana

74

What is meant by 'Missio Dei'?

God's activity or God's mission

75

What is being remembered on Good Friday?

Jesus' crucifixion

76

Name a Christian organisation that has a strong tradition of evangelism.

The Salvation Army

77

Describe the form of worship most common in churches that have emerged from the house church movement.

Meeting in small groups in one another's homes during the week. In these home groups Christians may pray, study the Bible together and invite their friends to join them

78

Identify a Bible teaching that directs Christians towards missionary work.

'He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation."' (Mark 16:15)

79

What is ecumenism?

The idea of creating Christian unity, as it seeks to reunite Christians from different denominations

80

What three areas does the World Council of Churches focus on?

1) to seek visible unity (between churches) in one faith and one eucharist fellowship
2) to promote common witness (telling people about their Christian faith) in work for mission and evangelism
3) to engage in Christian service by meeting human needs, breaking down barriers between people, seeking justice and peace, and upholding the integrity of creation

81

List some ecumenical communities.

1) Taizé in France
2) Iona in Scotland
3) Corrymeela at Ballycastle in Northern Ireland

82

Name some organisation that work to help the persecuted church and summarise what they do.

1) Open Doors helps people to have access to Bibles
2) Barnabas Fund works to bring hope to those Christians in persecution
3) The Fund directs aid to Christians largely through existing churches or Christians organisations