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Flashcards in Christie Deck (68)
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1

A 42-year-old man has had right flank pain

Simple Renal Cyst

2

Which of the following kidney diseases is at increased risk for development of renal cell carcinoma

Acquired (dialysis-associated) cystic kidney disease

3

Which diseases are due to genetic changes affecting the cilia of renal parenchyma

Autosomal Recessive polycistic kidney disease

Autosomal Dominant polycystic kidney disease

4

What often accompanies the renal diesease shown in this picture?

Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis

5

Pre-renal acute kidney injury constitues what percentage of all acute kidney injury?

60-70%

6

A 17 year old boy is involved in a motor vehicle accident

Acute Tubular Injury

7

The greatest renal enlargement occurs in:

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic kidney disease

8

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease is typically diagnoses:

In childhood

9

Glomerulonephritis and interstitial nephritis are classified as:

intra-renal failure

10

The usual cause of post-renal failure is:

Urinary Obstruction

11

Polycystic kidney disease genes are involved in formation of

Cilia

12

Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease also have 4-10 fold increase in the incidence of:

Saccular Aneurysms

13

The most common cause of acute kidney disease is described as:

Pre-renal

14

What can cause post-renal acute kidney disease?

Kidney Stone

15

Glomerulonephritis is classified as:

Intra-renal acute kidney injury

16

Following acute kidney injury, it is advisable to restrict patient intake of:

Protein

17

An autoposy study is performed 

Hypertension

18

The structures in the upper end of this illustration are an example of which of the following?

End-stage kidneys

19

In end stage renal disease, the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is

<5% of normal

20

True or False: Renal dialysis patients have a worse life expectancy than do renal transplant patients.

True

21

What is the most comon cause of death in dialysis patients?

Hyperkalemia

22

What is not an indication for dialysis?

Fluid overload-treatable with diuretics

23

A 56 year old woman

Chronic Glomerulonephritis

24

Patency for initial shunts implanted for vascular access for dialysis is about ___ after 1 year.

25%

25

Which of the following substances is typically infused in hemodialysis?

Heparin

26

The main advantage of peritoneal dialysis over hemodialysis is that it:

allows self-dialysis

27

Infection is one of the more common complications of:

Both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis

28

Which benign renal tumor is composed of fat, blood vessels, and smooth muscle?

Renal angiomyolipoma

29

A child presents with an abdominal mass and hematuria. She most likely has which of the following?

Wilms tumor

30

What renal neoplasm is most associated with tuberous sclerosis

Renal Angiomyolipoma