Circulatory Routes: Arteries Flashcards Preview

A&P 300 > Circulatory Routes: Arteries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Circulatory Routes: Arteries Deck (59):
0

Right coronary artery

O: Ascending aorta
D: Posterior interventricular branch
Marginal branch
S: Heart
L:

1

Left coronary artery

O: Ascending aorta
D: Anterior interventricular branch
Circumflex branch
S: Heart
L:

2

Brachiocephalic trunk

O: Arch of the aorta
D: R. Common carotid
R. Subclavian
S: R. Head, neck, upper arm
L: First branch of aortic arch

3

Right common carotid artery

O: Brachiocephalic trunk
D: R. Internal carotid artery
R. External carotid artery
S: Head and neck
L: Posterior to R SC jt.

4

Internal Carotid Artery

Left and right
O: Common carotid artery
D: Anterior cerebral artery
Middle cerebral artery
Circle of Willis
S: eye, ear, nose; frontal, temporal and parietal lobes; pituitary gland, pia matter
L: Carotid foramen

5

External carotid artery

Right and left

O: Common carotid artery
D: Superficial temporal, maxillary, facial and occipital arteries. (And superior thyroid, lingual, ascending pharyngeal and posterior auricular arteries)
S: Head (skin, connective tissue, muscles, bones, joints, dura and arachnoid matter) and neck.
L: superior border of larynx

6

Left common carotid artery

O: aortic arch
D: Left internal carotid artery
Left external carotid artery
S: head and neck
L: Middle branch of arch of the aorta

7

Right subclavian artery

O: Brachiocephalic trunk
D: Right vertebral
Right axillary
S: Brain, spinal cord, neck, shoulder, thoracic muscles, scapular muscles.
L:
Has 5 branches: vertebral, dorsal scapular, internal thoracic, thyrocervical, and costocervical

8

Left subclavian artery

O: Arch of the aorta
D: L. Vertebral artery
L. Axillary artery
S: Brain, spinal cord, neck, shoulder, thoracic muscles, scapular muscles.
L: Third branch of arch of aorta.

Has 5 branches: vertebral, dorsal scapular, internal thoracic, thyrocervical, and costocervical

9

Vertebral artery

Left and right

O: subclavian artery
D: Basilar artery
Posterior cerebral artery
Circle of Willis
S: posterior cerebrum, cerebellum, pons, inner ear
L: travels through transverse foramina of C-spine; enters through foramen magnum.

10

Internal thoracic artery

Right and left

Also called mammary artery

O: Subclavian
D:
S: anterior thoracic wall
L: arises from first part of subclavian, descends posterior to costal cartilage to around R6. Just lateral to sternum

11

Axillary artery

Right and left

O: continuation of Subclavian artery
D: becomes Brachial artery
S: arm, humerus, elbow
L: inferior to RI

12

Brachial artery

Left and right

O: continuation of Axillary artery
D: branches into Radial and Ulnar
S: arm, humerus, elbow
L: distal border of Teres major

13

Ulnar artery

Right and left

O: branches from Brachial artery
D: Superficial palmar arch
Deep palmar arch
S: anterior forearm
L: begins just distal to elbow.

14

Radial artery

Right and left

O: branches off of Brachial
D: Superficial palmar arch
Deep palmar arch
S: posterior forearm
L: Begins just distal to elbow

15

Superficial Palmar Arch

Right and left

O: Ulnar plus Radial arteries
D: Common palmar digital arteries
Proper palmar digital arteries
S: muscles, joints and bones of hands and fingers.
L: superficial to long flexor tendons.

16

Deep Palmar Arch

Right and left

O: radial and ulnar arteries
D: palmar metacarpal arteries
S: muscles, joints, bones of hands and fingers.
L: deep to long flexor tendons

17

The thoracic aorta divides into:

Visceral and parietal branches

18

Visceral branches of Thoracic aorta

Randomly Right and left.

Pericardial

Bronchial

Esophageal

Mediastinal

19

Parietal branches of thoracic aorta

Posterior intercostal (skin, muscles and ribs of thoracic wall, t-spine, mammary glands).

Subcostal (skin, muscle, ribs, T-12, meninges, spinal cord)

Superior phrenic. (Superior diaphragm)

20

How is the abdominal aorta divided?

Parietal Branches
Visceral branches

21

What are the three parietal branches of the abdominal aorta?

Inferior phrenic
Lumbar
Medial sacral

22

What are the 6 visceral branches of the abdominal aorta

Celiac trunk
Superior mesenteric
Suprarenal
Renal
Gonadal
Inferior mesenteric

23

How is the celiac trunk divided?

Common hepatic
- hepatic artery proper
- right gastric
- gastroduodenal

Left gastric

Splenic
- pancreatic
- left gastroepiploic
- short gastric

24

How is the superior mesenteric trunk divided?

Inferior pancreaticoduodenal
Jejunal
Ileocolic
Right colic
Middle colic

25

How is the inferior mesenteric divided?

Left colic
Sigmoid
Superior rectal

26

Celiac Trunk

Unpaired

O: abdominal aorta (visceral branch)
D: left gastric, splenic, common hepatic
S: GI tract (esophagus to duodenum and spleen)
L: first branch inferior to diaphragm. Arises at T12

27

Left gastric artery

Unpaired

O: branches off Celiac Trunk
D: anastomoses with right gastric artery
S: abdominal esophagus; lesser curvature of stomach.
L: follows lesser curve of stomach. From superior side.

28

Splenic artery

Unpaired

O: celiac branch
D: pancreatic, left gastroepiploic, and short gastric arteries
S: spleen, pancreas, funds and greater curvature of stomach, greater omentum
L: largest branch of celiac trunk. From left side

29

Common hepatic artery

Unpaired

O: celiac trunk
D: Proper hepatic
Right gastric
Gastroduodenal
S: liver, gall bladder, lesser omentum, stomach, pancreas, duodenum
L: from right side of trunk

30

Pancreatic arteries

Unpaired (but many)

O: branch off splenic artery.
D:
S: spleen
L:

31

Left gastroepiploic artery

Unpaired

O: splenic artery
D:
S: greater curvature of the stomach; greater omentum
L: terminal end of splenic artery

32

Short gastric arteries

Unpaired

O: splenic artery
D:
S: fundus of the stomach.
L:

33

Proper hepatic artery

Unpaired

O: common hepatic artery
D:
S: liver, gall bladder, lesser omentum
L:

34

Right gastric artery

Unpaired

O: common hepatic
D: anastomoses with left gastric artery
S: stomach and lesser omentum
L:

35

Gastroduodenal artery

Unpaired

O: common hepatic artery
D:
S: stomach, duodenum, pancreas
L:

36

Superior mesenteric artery

Unpaired

O: abdominal aorta
D: Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery
Jejunal artery
Ileocolic artery
Right Colic artery
Middle colic artery
S: GI tract (duodenum to transverse colon)
L: L1

37

Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery

Unpaired

O: branches from superior mesenteric artery
D:
S: pancreas, duodenum
L:

38

Jujenal artery

Unpaired

O: superior mesenteric artery
D:
S: majority of Small intestine (pancreas, duodenum)
L:

39

Ileocolic artery

Unpaired

O: superior mesenteric artery
D:
S: terminal ileum, cecum, appendix, ascending colon
L: inferior to right colic

40

Right colic artery

Unpaired

O: superior mesenteric artery
D:
S: ascending and transverse colons
L:

41

Middle colic artery

Unpaired

O: superior mesenteric artery
D:
S: transverse colon
L: most superior

42

Inferior mesenteric artery

Unpaired

O: abdominal aorta
D: Left Colic artery
Sigmoid arteries
Superior rectal arteries
S: GI tract (transverse colon to rectum)
L: L3. Left of aorta

43

Left colic arteries

Unpaired

O: inferior mesenteric artery
D: anastomoses with sigmoid
S: transverse and descending colons
L:

44

Sigmoid arteries

Unpaired

O: inferior mesenteric artery
D: anastomoses with left colic
S: sigmoid colon
L:

45

Superior rectal arteries

Unpaired

O: inferior mesenteric arteries
D:
S: upper rectum

46

Suprarenal arteries

Left and right

O: abdominal aorta (middle)
Inferior phrenic (superior)
Renal (inferior)
D:
S: adrenal glands
L: three pairs.

47

Renal arteries

Left and right

O: abdominal aorta
D:
S: kidneys
L: superior L2

48

Gonadal arteries

Paired

O: abdominal aorta
D:
S: gonada
L: L2. Inferior to renal arteries

49

Median sacral artery

Unpaired

O: abdominal aorta (parietal)
D:
S: sacrum, coccyx, sacral spinal nerve, piriformis.
L: just superior to bifurcation into right and left common iliac

50

Inferior Phrenjc Arteries

Paired

O: abdominal aorta (parietal)
D:
S: diaphragm, adrenal glands
L: first paired branch of abdominal aorta

51

Lumbar arteries

Paired

O: abdominal aorta (parietal)
D:
S: L-spine, spinal cord, meninges, skin and muscles of abdominal wall
L: 4 pairs

52

Common iliac arteries

Paired

O: abdominal aorta (bifurcation)
D: Internal iliac
External iliac
S: pelvic muscles and organs, external genitals, lower limbs
L: L4

53

Internal Iliac artery

Paired

O: Common iliac artery
D: anterior and posterior divisions of internal iliac artery
S: pelvic muscles and organs, buttocks, external genitals, medial thigh muscles.
L: bifurcation anterior to SI joint, level of lumbosacral IV disc

54

External iliac artery

Paired

O: common iliac artery
D: Femoral arteries
S: lower abdominal wall, cremaster muscle, round ligament, lower limb
L: begins at bifurcation of common iliac.

55

Femoral artery

Paired

O: external iliac artery
D: popliteal artery
S: muscles of thigh, femur, ligaments and tendons of knee
L: inguinal ligament

56

Popliteal artery

Paired

O: femoral
D: Anterior tibial
Posterior tibial
S: distal thigh muscles, skin of knee, proximal leg muscles, knee, femur, patella, tibia and fibula.
L: popliteal fossa/adductor Magnus tendon.

57

Anterior tibial artery

Paired

O: popliteal
D: Doral pedis arteries
Arcuate arteries
Dorsal metatarsal arteries
Dorsal digital arteries
S: tibia, fibula, anterior leg muscles, dorsal foot muscles, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges
L: bifurcation at distal popliteus

58

Poaterior tibial arteries

Paired

O: popliteal
D: Fibular arteries
Medial plantar
Lateral plantar
Plantar arch
Plantar metatarsal
Plantar digital
L: bifurcated at distal popliteus