Circulatory Routes: Veins Flashcards Preview

A&P 300 > Circulatory Routes: Veins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Circulatory Routes: Veins Deck (40):
0

Coronary Sinus

From: Great Cardiac vein, middle cardiac vein, small cardiac vein, anterior cardiac vein.

To: right atrium

Drain: heart

Landmarks:

1

Inferior Vena Cava

From: Left common iliac vein
Right common iliac vein

To: right atrium

Drains: abdomen, pelvis, lower limbs

Largest vein.
Landmark: anterior to L5

2

Superior vena cava

From:
Right Brachiocephalic vein
Left Brachiocephalic vein

To: right atrium

Drain: head, neck, upper limbs, thorax.

Landmark: posterior right 1st costal cartilage

3

Brachiocephalic veins

Paired

From:
Vertebral veins
Subclavian veins
Internal jugular

To: superior vena cava

Drains: head, neck, upper limbs, thorax

4

Internal jugular veins

Paired

From:
Superior sagittal sinus
Inferior sagittal sinus
Straight sinus
Sigmoid sinus
Cavernous sinus

To: Brachiocephalic vein

Drains: Brain, meninges, cranial bones, muscles and tissue of head and neck.

5

Superior sagittal sinus

Unpaired

From: -
To: internal jugular veins
Drains: nasal cavity, superior/lateral/medial cerebrum, skull, meninges

6

Inferior sagittal sinus

Unpaired

From: -
To: internal jugular vein

Drains: medial cerebrum, diencephalon.

7

Straight sinus

Unpaired

From:
To: internal jugular vein

Drains: medial and inferior cerebrum and cerebellum.

8

Sigmoid sinuses

Paired

From:
To: internal jugular vein

Drains: lateral/posterior cerebrum/cerebellum

9

Cavernous sinus

Paired

From;
To: internal jugular veins

Drains: orbits,nasal cavity, frontal cerebrum, superior brain stem.

Landmark: located on both sides of the sphenoid bone.

10

Subclavian veins

Paired

From:
External jugular
Axillary

To:
Brachiocephalic

Drains: skin, muscles, bones of arms, shoulder, neck and superior thoracic wall.

11

External jugular veins

Paired

From:
To: subclavian veins

Drains: scalp, skin of head and neck, muscles of face and neck, oral cavity and pharynx.

Landmark: parotid gland near angle of mandible

12

Vertebral veins

Paired

From:
To: Brachiocephalic veins

Drains: c-spine (vertebrae and cord), meninges, deep muscles of neck

Landmark: inferior to occipital condyle

13

Deep veins of the upper limb

Brachiocephalic
Subclavian
Axillary
Brachial
Ulnar
Radial

14

Superficial veins of the upper arm

Cephalic
Basilica
Median antenbrachial

15

Axillary veins

Paired

From:
brachial
Basilica
Cephalic

To: subclavian

Drain: arm, axilla, shoulder, superolateral chest wall

16

Brachial veins

Paired
Deep vein

From: radial and ulnar veins
To: axillary veins
Drain: elbow and brachial region

17

Ulnar veins

Paired
Deep

From:
Superficial palmar venous arch
Common palmar digital veins
Proper palmar digital veins

To: brachial veins

Drains: medial forearm and hand


18

Radial veins

Paired
Deep

From:
Deep palmar venous arches
Palmar metacarpal veins

To: brachial veins

Drain: lateral hand and forearms

19

Cephalic veins

Paired
Superficial

From:
Dorsal venous arches
Dorsal digital veins
Accessory Cephalic veins

To: axillary veins

Drains: integumens and superficial muscles of lateral forearm

20

Basilica veins

Paired.
Superificial

From:
To: Cephalic veins via median cubital veins

Drains: integument and superficial muscles of Palm and anterior arm.

21

Median antebrachial veins

Paired
Superficial

From: palmar plexus, palmar digital veins
To: basilica veins, medial cubital veins

Drains: integument and superficial muscles of palm and anterior arm

22

Azygos system

A collection of veins that collect blood from thoracic and abdominal region.

Forms an anastomoses from the lower body and abdominal regions to the SVC in case of obstruction to IVC.

Made up of: azygos vein, accessory hemi-azygos, hemi-azygos.

23

Azygos veins

Thoracic
Unpaired

From:
right posterior intercostal
Hemiazygos
Accessory hemiazygos
Esophageal
Mediastinal
Pericardial
Bronchial

To: superior vena cava

Drains: right side thoracic wall, thoracic viscera, posterior abdominal wall

24

Hemiazygos

Unpaired

From:
Left posterior intercostals
Esophageal veins
Mediastinal veins
Accessory Hemiazygos

To: azygos vein

Drains: Left lower thoracic wall, thoracic viscera, left posterior abdominal walls

25

Accessory Hemiazygos vein

Unpaired

From:
Left posterior intercostals
Left bronchials
Mediastinals

26

Inferior Phrenic veins

Paired

From:
To: inferior vena cava
Suprarenal

Drains: inferior diaphragm, peritoneal tissues

27

Hepatic veins

From: hepatic portal vein via capillary beds of the liver

To: inferior vena cava

Drains: liver

28

Hepatic portal vein

From
Left gastric
Right gastric
Splenic
Superior mesenteric
(Formed from superior mesenteric plus splenic)

To: hepatic veins via the capillary beds of the liver

29

Left gastric vein

From:
To: hepatic portal vein

Drains: terminal esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, small and large intestine

30

Right gastric vein

From

To: hepatic portal vein

Drains: lesser curvature of the stomach, abdominal esophagus, stomach, duodenum

31

Splenic vein

From

To: hepatic port vein

Drains: spleen, fundus, greater curvature of the stomach, pancreas, greater omentum, descending Colin, sigmoid colon, rectum.

32

Superior mesenteric vein

From

To: hepatic portal

Drains: duodenum, jejunum, ilium, cecum, ascending and transverse colon.

33

Lumbar veins

From:
To: ascending lumbar
Azygos
Hemiazygos

Drains: posterior abdominal wall, L-spine (vertebrae, cord, meninges, nerve)

34

Suprarenal veins

From:

To: IVC

Drains: adrenal glands

35

Renal veins

From: left gonad, left inferior Phrenic, left Suprarenal veins

To: IVC

Drains: kidneys

36

Gonadal

From:

To: IVC, left renal vein

Drains: testes, epididymis, ductus deferens, ovaries, uterus

37

Common iliac veins

From: external and internal iliac veins

To: IVC

Drains: pelvis, external genitalia, legs

38

Internal iliac veins

From

To: common iliac vein

Drains: muscles of pelvic wall, glutes, pelvic viscera, external genitalia

39

External iliac vein

From: right femoral