CIS 1 Flashcards Preview

MCM private > CIS 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in CIS 1 Deck (17):
1

Kwashiorkor Disease: Cause and symptoms

Severe protein deficiency. Sufficient calories, but insufficient protein. Usually occurs after weaning.
Symptoms: Anemia, Enlarged fatty liver, Irritable.
Shiny skins, light colored skin, thinning hair, ulcerating dermatoses, edema on feet and hands.

2

Marasmus Disease: Cause and Symptoms

Protein-calorie deficiency. Weight is less than 62% of expected.
Symtoms:
Emaciated, no energy
Chronic Diarrhea
Intelectual disability
Respiratory infections.

3

What are the conditions necessary to indicate Metabolic Syndrome?

One of: Insulin resistance, Diabetes, Impaired glucose tolerance, Impaired fasting glucose
Two of: HTN, Hyperlipidemia, Obesity, Microalbuminuria.

4

Cause and symptoms of Hartnup Disease

caused by a defect in the transport of Trp.
Symptoms: Diarrhea, Mood swings, rash(usually when exposed to sun), short stature, uncoordinated movements.

5

Cerebral palsy

movement disorder. Usually caused by brain damage.

6

MSUD (Maple syrup urine disease)

Caused by a deficiency in the Branched chain-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) enzyme.
Treatment: low protein diet.
Symptoms: Vomiting, lack of energy, abnormal movements, can lead to seizure, coma.

7

PKU (phenylketonuria)

Phenylalanine hydroxyls deficiency. Autosomal recessive disease.
Symptoms: intelectual disorders, seizures, musty urine smell

8

Albinism

deficiency in the tyrosinase enzyme.

9

What caused Krabbe's disease? Few symptoms:

Impairment of the GALC( Galactosylceramidase) gene
Symptoms: Hypertonia/Spasticity, Seizures, Iratibility

10

Vitamin A Deficiency Diseases

Night blindness
Xeropthalmia

11

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Deficiency Diseases

Malaise, Weight loss, confusion
Beriberi (wet): pain, fast heart rate, SOB, difficulty moving legs
Beriberi (dry): numbness, confusion, difficulty moving legs.

12

Vitamin B12(Cobalamin) deficiency diseases

Fatigue
Inflammation of tongue
Numbness/tingling.

13

Vitamin K deficiency symptoms

easy bruising, excessive bleeding, Increased PT time.

14

Vitamin B2(Riboflavin) deficiency symptoms

Stomatitis, sore throat, Bloodshot eyes, anemia

15

Vitamin B3(niacin) deficiency symptoms

Fatigue, depression, indigestion
Severe deficiency causes Pellagra.

16

Vitamind D deficiency symptoms

increased risks of CV, severe asthma in children, cancer

17

Vitamin E deficiency symptoms

Peripheral neuropathy, Retinopathy, Infertility, Immune impairment.