Flashcards in CIS 1 Deck (17):
Kwashiorkor Disease: Cause and symptoms
Severe protein deficiency. Sufficient calories, but insufficient protein. Usually occurs after weaning.
Symptoms: Anemia, Enlarged fatty liver, Irritable.
Shiny skins, light colored skin, thinning hair, ulcerating dermatoses, edema on feet and hands.
Marasmus Disease: Cause and Symptoms
Protein-calorie deficiency. Weight is less than 62% of expected.
Emaciated, no energy
What are the conditions necessary to indicate Metabolic Syndrome?
One of: Insulin resistance, Diabetes, Impaired glucose tolerance, Impaired fasting glucose
Two of: HTN, Hyperlipidemia, Obesity, Microalbuminuria.
Cause and symptoms of Hartnup Disease
caused by a defect in the transport of Trp.
Symptoms: Diarrhea, Mood swings, rash(usually when exposed to sun), short stature, uncoordinated movements.
movement disorder. Usually caused by brain damage.
MSUD (Maple syrup urine disease)
Caused by a deficiency in the Branched chain-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKD) enzyme.
Treatment: low protein diet.
Symptoms: Vomiting, lack of energy, abnormal movements, can lead to seizure, coma.
Phenylalanine hydroxyls deficiency. Autosomal recessive disease.
Symptoms: intelectual disorders, seizures, musty urine smell
deficiency in the tyrosinase enzyme.
What caused Krabbe's disease? Few symptoms:
Impairment of the GALC( Galactosylceramidase) gene
Symptoms: Hypertonia/Spasticity, Seizures, Iratibility
Vitamin A Deficiency Diseases
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Deficiency Diseases
Malaise, Weight loss, confusion
Beriberi (wet): pain, fast heart rate, SOB, difficulty moving legs
Beriberi (dry): numbness, confusion, difficulty moving legs.
Vitamin B12(Cobalamin) deficiency diseases
Inflammation of tongue
Vitamin K deficiency symptoms
easy bruising, excessive bleeding, Increased PT time.
Vitamin B2(Riboflavin) deficiency symptoms
Stomatitis, sore throat, Bloodshot eyes, anemia
Vitamin B3(niacin) deficiency symptoms
Fatigue, depression, indigestion
Severe deficiency causes Pellagra.
Vitamind D deficiency symptoms
increased risks of CV, severe asthma in children, cancer