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Life in the UK > Civics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Civics Deck (41)
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1

WHat is the UK?

A parliamentary democracy with the Queen as the head of state. Also called a constitutional monarchy.

2

WHo was able to vote in the 19th century?

Property owner males over 21

3

What is the franchise?

The group who can vote

4

Who were the Chartists and what did they campaign for?

In the 1830s to 40s the chartists campaigned for voting reform. They wanted six changes -- every man to vote, elections every year, equality of regions, secret ballots, any man to be able to stand for MP, and for MPs to be paid

5

When were the Chartists' demands met?

by 1918

6

When were women able to vote?

1918

7

When was the voting age reduced to 21?

1928

8

When was the voting age reduced to 18?

1969

9

Why is the British Constitution unwritten?

There was never a revolution to rewrite the system of government.

10

How is the Prime Minister chosen?

The head of thepary with the most-elected MPS is chosen by the queen.

11

What can the monarch do?

in weekly meetings with the PM she can advise, warn and encourage

12

When did QE2 take the throne?

1952

13

What is the monarch's important ceremonial role?

Opening of Parliament, where she makes a speech for the policies for the upcoming year. All Acts are in her name.

14

What is the role of the Queen abroad?

Represents the UK in foreign visits and visits abroad as well.

15

How many parties can join together for a coalition?

2

16

Are the members of the cabinet members of the house of Lords or commons?

commons

17

What is the job of MPs

represent everyone in constituency, create new laws, scrutinise what the goverment is doing, debate national issues

18

Before 1958 what were the peers?

hereditary, senior judges or bishops

19

What happened to the peers after 1958?

The PM can nominate Life Peers. The monarch appoints them. These can also be appointed by leaders of opposition or the Appointments Commission.

20

What happened to the peers in 1999?

They have lost their automatic right to attend the House of Lords. They now elect a few to represent them.

21

What is the role of the House of Lords?

Suggest new laws or amend new laws, check laws, hold government to account.

22

Who has more power, Lords or Commons?

Commons can overrule Lords.

23

Who is the SPeaker?

chairs debates in commons. Neutral, even though MP. Voted in by secret ballot. Keeps order and represents Parliament on special occasions.

24

What is first past the post?

System for electing MPs. The candidate who gets the most votes is elected.

25

How can you contact your MP?

Contact details from local library and website. contact by letter or phone.

26

How many mps are in the cabinet?

20

27

What is the hone secretary responsible for?

Crime, policing and immigration

28

How old do you have to be to run for parliament?

18

29

What are the core values for civil servants?

Integrity, honesty, objectivity and impartiality

30

How are local governments funded?

Central government and local taxes

31

How many local authorities are in London?

33

32

How often are local elections held!

Every year

33

When was power devolved?

1997

34

Since when has there been a welsh assembly and a Scottish parliament?

1999

35

How many members of the welsh assembly are there?

60

36

What powers do the welsh assembly have?

Education and training, health and social services, economic development, housing.

37

How often are elections in the welsh assembly?

Every 4 years

38

How many members are in the Scottish parliament?

129

39

What powers do the Scottish parliament have?

Civil and criminal law, heLth, education, planning and tax raising

40

How many people in the Northern Irish assembly?

108

41

What powers does the Northern Ireland assembly have?

Education, agriculture, the environment, health and social services.