Flashcards in Civics Deck (41)
WHat is the UK?
A parliamentary democracy with the Queen as the head of state. Also called a constitutional monarchy.
WHo was able to vote in the 19th century?
Property owner males over 21
What is the franchise?
The group who can vote
Who were the Chartists and what did they campaign for?
In the 1830s to 40s the chartists campaigned for voting reform. They wanted six changes -- every man to vote, elections every year, equality of regions, secret ballots, any man to be able to stand for MP, and for MPs to be paid
When were the Chartists' demands met?
When were women able to vote?
When was the voting age reduced to 21?
When was the voting age reduced to 18?
Why is the British Constitution unwritten?
There was never a revolution to rewrite the system of government.
How is the Prime Minister chosen?
The head of thepary with the most-elected MPS is chosen by the queen.
What can the monarch do?
in weekly meetings with the PM she can advise, warn and encourage
When did QE2 take the throne?
What is the monarch's important ceremonial role?
Opening of Parliament, where she makes a speech for the policies for the upcoming year. All Acts are in her name.
What is the role of the Queen abroad?
Represents the UK in foreign visits and visits abroad as well.
How many parties can join together for a coalition?
Are the members of the cabinet members of the house of Lords or commons?
What is the job of MPs
represent everyone in constituency, create new laws, scrutinise what the goverment is doing, debate national issues
Before 1958 what were the peers?
hereditary, senior judges or bishops
What happened to the peers after 1958?
The PM can nominate Life Peers. The monarch appoints them. These can also be appointed by leaders of opposition or the Appointments Commission.
What happened to the peers in 1999?
They have lost their automatic right to attend the House of Lords. They now elect a few to represent them.
What is the role of the House of Lords?
Suggest new laws or amend new laws, check laws, hold government to account.
Who has more power, Lords or Commons?
Commons can overrule Lords.
Who is the SPeaker?
chairs debates in commons. Neutral, even though MP. Voted in by secret ballot. Keeps order and represents Parliament on special occasions.
What is first past the post?
System for electing MPs. The candidate who gets the most votes is elected.
How can you contact your MP?
Contact details from local library and website. contact by letter or phone.
How many mps are in the cabinet?
What is the hone secretary responsible for?
Crime, policing and immigration
How old do you have to be to run for parliament?
What are the core values for civil servants?
Integrity, honesty, objectivity and impartiality
How are local governments funded?
Central government and local taxes
How many local authorities are in London?
How often are local elections held!
When was power devolved?
Since when has there been a welsh assembly and a Scottish parliament?
How many members of the welsh assembly are there?
What powers do the welsh assembly have?
Education and training, health and social services, economic development, housing.
How often are elections in the welsh assembly?
Every 4 years
How many members are in the Scottish parliament?
What powers do the Scottish parliament have?
Civil and criminal law, heLth, education, planning and tax raising
How many people in the Northern Irish assembly?