What are the 2 types of India’s buddists?
Theraveda and Mahayana
In the 7th century, what happened to buddhism in India?
it declined but still popular in other countries where it had been introduced
Political disunity contributed to spread of ____ in South Asia
____ armies moved into regions of India in 8th century
in 10th century, which new Islamic state developed in India?
Who extended Musliim rule throughout the upper Indus Valley and south to the Indian Ocean?
Mahmud of Ghazna
What are Hindu warriors called and what did they try to stop? Were they successful?
Rajputs, tried to stop the spread of Muslim rule, they were defeated
describe religious tensions when Muslim rulers took over
tried to convert hindu subjects, changes by muslim rulers, decline of trade, religious architecture flourished
(countryside v city?)
What country was conquered by chinese, maintained own culture?
Who adopted chinese style government and expanded south in vietnam?
what was the most powerful state in mainland Southeast Asia
Khmer Kingdom of Angkor
____: southern fringe of China, conquered Angkor, adopted Buddhism, and political ideas from India
___: 11cen, Mongol attacks led to decline
Burmese kingdom of Pagan
____ & _____: Malay peninsula and Indonesian Islands
Maianahit and Melaka
Life in Southeast Asia: Vietnam, Pagan, Angkor economies were based on what?
Melaka economy was based on what?
what are some characteristics of Southeast Asian societies
hereditary aristocratic families dominated politics and economics
majority of population was poor peasant farmers
women’s status somewhat higher than that in India/China
Chinese and Indian influences
Chinese influenced Vietnam
India influenced other countries