Class 1 Flashcards Preview

History of Modern Architecture > Class 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Class 1 Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

Modern

adjective

1. of or relation to present and precent time, not ancient or remote; modern city life

2. characteristic of present and recent time; contemporary, not antiquated or obsolete: modern viewpoints

2

“World’s Fair”

There used to be events, ever few years, called the “World’s Fair.” These exhibitions would be held in one of the world’s great cities, and countries would build pavilions that showed off their technical and aesthetic progress. These fairs attracted millions of people, and were a main conduit for spreading knowledge of the world’s current cultures

3

Tension

A force which pulls

4

Compression

A force which pushes

5

Verticals

Are called posts or columns

6

Horizontals

Are called lintels or beams

7

Truss

A structural member made up of component parts to span long distances

8

Masonry

May be stone, brick or concrete block (unity masonry)

One of the most ancient building materials

Necessarily handcrafted

Great compressive strength

9

Arch

An arch is always a curved structural opening

Very natural shape for masonry

Arches come in different types

10

Barrel vault

A barrel vault may be though of as an extruded arch— a series of arches forming a tunnel effect

11

Dome

Arches brought into three dimensions

Domes are sometimes called shell structure

12

Concrete

“CEMENT” is usually a misnomer

CONCRETE is made from cement, sand, aggregate, and water

Excellent strength in compression

13

Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and other metals with carbon

Excellent strength in tension

Compact size with tremendous strength

By nature, easy to prefabricate

14

Reinforced concrete

Concrete is a compressive material—breaks in tension

Steel is a great tensile material

Together, they form Reinforced Concrete, capable of forming great structures

Capable of PLASTICITY—the ability to be molded into any form

15

Cantilever

Overhanging structure with no support at its end