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1

what is the treatment for sleep apnoea?

Underlying factors (weight, alcohol, endocrine)
continuous positive airways pressure
mandibular repositioning splint

2

OSA Severity scale (desaturation) for sleep apnoea of 0-5 is

normal

3

OSA Severity scale (desaturation) for sleep apnoea of >30 is

severe

4

OSA Severity scale (desaturation) for sleep apnoea of 15-30is

moderate

5

OSA Severity scale (desaturation) for sleep apnoea of 5-15 is

mild

6

what are the investigations for sleep apnoea?

Pulse oximetry
limited sleep study
full polysomnography (EEG, adiuovisual recording, EMG, ECG, PSG)

7

what are is this symptomatic of?
Breathlessness
orthopnoea
ankle swelling
morning headaches
recurrent chest infections
disturbed sleep

chronic ventilator failure

8

what are the signs of chronic ventilatory failure

Elevated bicarbonate
pco2<6.0kPa
normal blood Ph
pO2 <8kPa
chest wall abnormality
airways disease
respiratory muscle weakness
central hypoventilation

9

what are the investigations for chronic ventilatory failure

Lung function lying/standing
mouth pressure
early morning ABG
oximetry
CO2 monitoring
fluoroscopic screening of diaphragm

10

what is the treatment for chronic ventilatory failure

Non-invasive ventilation
oxygen therapy
t-IPPV

11

what is the treatment for narcolepsy

modafinil
clomipramine
sodium oxybate

12

what are these the symptoms of?
Pleuritic chest pain
cough
haemoptysis
dyspnoea
syncope
cardiac arrest

pulmonary embolism

13

what are these the symptoms of Dyspnoea, cough
basal crackles, cyanosis, clubbing

usual interstitial pneumonitis

14

what are these the symptoms of Fever, dry cough, myalgia, chills, crackles, tachyopnoea, wheeze, antibody
insidious, malaise, shortness of breath

hypersensitivity pneumonitis

15

what are these the symptoms of Dyspnoea
heart failure
respiratory failure type 1

Diffuse alveolar damage

16

what are these the symptoms of Acute althralgia
Erythema nodusum
bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy
shortness of breath
cough


sarcoidosis

17

what are these the Chest tightness
exertional dyspnoea
exertional syncope or presyncope
symptoms of

pulmonary hypertension

18

what are these the symptoms of Malaise
fever
Chest pain
Cough
rusty sputum
Dyspnoea

pneumonia

19

what are these the symptoms of Lethargy
Weight loss
high swinging fever

lung abscess

20

what are these the symptoms of Chest pain
absence of cough
swinging fever

empyema

21

what are these the symptoms of Chronic cough
daily sputum foul smelling
wheeze
dyspnoea
tiredness
chest pains
Haemoptysis

bronchiectasis

22

what are these the symptoms of Recurrent infections
chronic sputum
dypnoea
haemoptysis
pneumothorax

cystic fibrosis

23

what are these the symptoms of Shortness of breath
wheezing
weight loss
regular infections
haemoptysis
pain
Neurological
Difficulty swallowing
raspy voice
haematuria
fatigue

lung cancer

24

what are these the symptoms of Weight loss
progressive smoker’s cough
wheeze
chest tightness
breathlessness
coughing up sputum
muscle loss
regular chest infections

COPD

25

what are these the symptoms of rhinitis

runny nose

26

what are these the symptoms of ear ache
erythema
bulging ear drum

otitis media

27

what are these the symptoms of Stridor
hoarse voice
signs of common cold
barking cough

croup

28

what are these the symptoms of epiglottis

Stridor
hoarse voice
signs of common cold
barking cough

29

what are these the symptoms of
Asymptomatic
increasing breathlessness
pleuritic chest pain
dull ache
dry cough
weight loss
malaise, fevers
night sweats

pleural effusion

30

what are these the symptoms of
Coughing
sneezing
primary; erythema nodusm, malaise, fever, rarely chest signs.
secondary; Cough, sputum, haemoptysis, pleuritic pain, breathlessness, malaise, fevers, night sweats

tuberculosis