Clinical Dietary Advice Flashcards Preview

PMHP 1 > Clinical Dietary Advice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Dietary Advice Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...
1

What medial and dental disorders can sugar implicate

Overweight and obesity
Type 2 diabetes
Dental caries

2

What does the eat well plate recommend about fruit and vegetables

At least 5 portions a day

3

What does the eat well plate say about fibre rich, starchy foods

Increase them, base your meals on starchy foods but choose wholegrain, plenty of bread, rice, potatoes and pasta

4

What does the eat well plate say about saturated fats

Decrease consumption

5

What does the eat well plate say about milk and dairy foods

Choose lower fat content

6

What does the eat well plate say about high fat and sugar

Just a small amount

7

When are sugary foods and drinks best taken

At meal times

8

What are the main classifications of sugars

Intrinsic and extrinsic

9

What are intrinsic sugars

Not inside the cell

10

What are extrinsic sugars

Inside the cell
eg - raw fruit

11

Name the different types of extrinsic sugars

Milk sugars
Non-milk sugars
Fruit juices
Recipe sugar
Table sugar

12

Describe the metabolism of glucose and sucrose

They are rapidly metabolised to produce lots of acid, mainly lactic

13

What does starch breakdown to give

Glucose
Maltose
Limit dextrins

14

What does the rate of starch breakdown do

Limit glycolytic activity

15

Describe the metabolism of glucose, maltose and limit dextrins

Slow metabolism, producing less acid mixed types

16

What is heterofermentation

Slow metabolism

17

What is homofermentation

Fast

18

What are the factors that give rise to dental caries

Susceptible tooth surface
Substrate from diet - sugar
Bacteria
Time

19

What type of teeth and sugar intake are more associated with high levels of caries

High frequency sugar intake and younger teeth

20

What does a lower plaque pH favour

Demineralisation and acid production

21

At what time after ingesting sugar has the plaque pH fallen to the minimum value

5 minutes

22

What does the return to neutral pH depend on after ingesting sugars

Salivary flow rate
Buffering capacity

23

How can dental caries be managed in children

Give dietary advice
Limit consumption of sugar
No sugar in formula milk
No eating or drinking after brushing at night

24

Give some examples of intense artificial sweeteners

Aspartame
Sucralose
Acesulfame K
Saccharin
Cheap sugar substitutes

25

Give examples of other sweeteners besides sugar

Sugar alcohols
Alternative natural sweeteners