Clinical Fundamentals 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical Fundamentals 2 Deck (146)
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1

Nosocomial infection that results from a particular treatment or therapeutic procedure

Iatrogenic

2

Leading nosocomial infection

UTI due to catheter use

3

Bloodstream also at risk due to long term use of __________.

Vascular Access Devices (VAD)

4

4 microorganisms:

Bacteria
Fungi
Parasites
Viruses

5

Bacteria is classified by _____ or _____.

Shape
Grouping

6

Bacteria must be _____ to be seen under a microscope

Stained

7

Bacteria that takes stain

Gram-Positive

8

Bacteria that does not take stain

Gram-Negative

9

Bacteria resistant to colorization by acid alcohol

Acid Fast

10

Bacteria form a protective ________ until conditions are right to survive.

SPORE

11

4 EXs of bacteria

TB
Strep Throat
Lyme Disease
Gonorrhea

12

Fungi exists as ______ and ______.

Yeasts
Molds

(Ex: thrush)

13

_______ are Protoza that move by Cilia, Pseudopod, or Flagella

Parasites

14

Parasites are also Helminths. Helminths = ....

Worms

15

______ are smallest microorganisms known to cause disease

Viruses

16

______ attach itself to a specific host cell, invades it, then produces new viral particles as host is destroyed ("Lysis")

Viruses

17

5 EXs of Viruses

Flu
Cold
Mumps
HIV
Hepatitis

18

4 elements needed to transmit infection

Infectious agent and reservoir
Environment
Portal of exit
Portal of entrance into host

19

5 means of transmission

Direct or indirect contact
Droplet
Vehicle (food, water, drugs)
Vector (insects, animals)
Airborne

20

Immune-suppressed persons at ______ risk

Greater

21

3 methods of acquiring immunity

Active
Passive
Artificial Active

22

Active Acquired Immunity

Antibodies produced in a person's body

23

Passive Acquired Immunity

Received from another person - short-term

24

Artificial Active Acquired Immunity

From vaccination

25

4 process of infection

Incubation
Prodromal
Full Disease
Convalescent

26

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by ___________.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

27

HIV is a retrovirus that destroys ____ cells in immune system

T-4

28

There are ___ phases of infection.
Person is not diagnosed with AIDS until stage ___.

5
5

29

4 common opportunistic infections are:

PCP
KS
AIDs dementia
Thrush

30

No vaccine for AIDs so treatment focuses on _________ virus in bloodstream

Decreasing