Radiation Protection / Radiobiology 2 Flashcards Preview

FINALS - SPRING 2016 > Radiation Protection / Radiobiology 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Radiation Protection / Radiobiology 2 Deck (120)
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1

Working habits and conditions of personnel can be assessed over a designated period of time. 3 examples =

Monthly
Quarterly
Yearly

2

What 3 work areas typically have higher readings?

Fluoro
Portables
Interventionals

3

Wear a monitor at collar to monitor ____ and ____

Thyroid
Eye dose

4

If 2 devices are worn, "hot" = _____ .... And "cold" = _____

Hot = on collar
Cold = at waist under apron

5

Wear device at ______ to monitor thyroid and eye dose

Collar

6

True or false: Pregnant workers do not have to "declare" pregnancy to get an additional badge

False. They HAVE to declare pregnancy first then they will receive a second badge

7

______ or ______ badges should be worn if hands are frequently near primary beam

TLD
Finger

8

Nuclear Medicine Technologists should wear _____ or finger badges

TLD

9

True or false: HC facilities / education programs must maintain exposure records

True

10

Personnel monitors must be _____, _____, and _____.

Portable
Durable
Cost-efficient

11

Permanent record and can be re-read

Film badges

12

Come with a "control badge" for non-radiation area

Film badge

13

Newest, similar to film badge

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeters (OSL)

14

Uses Aluminum Oxide crystals that are stimulated by a laser to give off light that is read only once

Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeter (OSL)

15

Looks like a pocket flashlight, can be read only once, not used much

Pocket Ionization chambers

16

Self-reading Pocket Ionization chambers are for instant ___________.

Dose reading

17

Non self-reading Pocket Ionization chambers require a ...

Reading device

18

Uses Lithium Fluoride crystals that give off light when heated, read only once, responds most like human tissue

Thermoluminescent Dosimeter (TLD)

19

_________ and/or ________ reviews reports and councils employees if necessary

Radiation Safety Officer (RSO)
Health Physicist

20

Area monitoring done with radiation survey instruments must be _____ and _________

Durable
Easy to carry

21

Tube which indicates presence/absence of radiation

Geiger-Muller Tuber (GM Tube)

22

Gas filled survey instrument

Cutie Pie

23

RSO

Radiation Safety Officer

24

Erythema

Skin reddening

25

Epilation / alopecia

Hair loss

26

The higher the dose, the _____ the latent period

Shorter

27

Latent Period

Symptom-free period

28

Hematopoietic Syndrome

1-10 Gy (100-1,000 Rads)

29

Probable death within 6-8 weeks due to decrease in number of RBC, WBC, destroyed immune system

Hematopoietic Syndrome

30

GI syndrome

10-50 Gy (1,000-5,000 Rads)