CLOA - ethical considerations related to CLOA research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CLOA - ethical considerations related to CLOA research Deck (13):
1

ethical considerations in CLOA

- use of animals in research
- use of non-invasive techniques
- informed consent
- comfort
- anonymity

2

why are animals used?

- less moral obligation involved
- can test some aspects that would be otherwise highly unethical to test in humans

cited study: Clark et al. (2009)

3

guidelines followed in use of animals

- refinement
- replacement
- reduction

4

guidelines followed in use of animals: refinement

- animal research should be as focused as possible
- must be realistic + achievable aims with regard to expansion of information about that species

5

guidelines followed in use of animals: replacement

- researchers should consider all options
- should always look for non-animal methods of investigation

6

guidelines followed in use of animals: reduction

expose as few animals to pain, suffering, and distress as possible

7

animal studies: how did the study chosen follow ethical considerations?

Rosenzweig, Bennet, and Diamond (1972):
- ethical issue against 'reduction' guideline: animals were killed for the sake of the experiment
- followed 'refinement' guideline: results helped us understand how environmental factors affect neuroplasticity

conclusion: can be argued that the research was justified in spite o„f ethical issues

8

informed consent

- should always be sought after when possible
- some studies (e.g. Sacks, 2007) can't request informed consent as certain subjects (e.g. Clive Wearing) could not comprehend the nature of the experiment
- therefore could not give informed consent
- but family members/guardians/etc can give consent by proxy

9

informed consent: how did the study chosen follow ethical considerations?

- Clive Wearing was not able to remember participating in research so it could be argued that it was unethical
- however, the findings are significant -- this justifies it

10

confidentiality issues

- with case studies, there is higher risk of participants' anonymity being compromised due to the depth of info obtained and the possible uniqueness of their case
- hence the researcher may need to take extra steps to protect their identity

Study: Sacks (2007)

11

comfort issues

- the researcher should prioritize participants' comfort over any potential information gain

Study: Loftus et al. (1987)

12

comfort: how did the study chosen follow ethical considerations?

- Loftus et al. (1987) involved staging criminal activity around the participant
- potentially upsetting

13

non-invasive methods of investigation

- non-invasive techniques cause no harm to subjects
- yet can still give valuable insights

cited study: Maguire et al. (2000)

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