CM: Psychotherapy Flashcards Preview

Block 10 - Psych > CM: Psychotherapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in CM: Psychotherapy Deck (18):
1

What is psychotherapy?

treatments involving talking relationship between patient and therapist
use verbal and non-verbal communication to ameliorate distress and provoke change

2

What are indications for psychotherapy?

problems with love or work
coping with illness or loss
primary treatment for anxiety, dysthymia, PTSD, personality disorders, eating disorders, etc
adjunctive treatment for schizo and bipolar
combo w meds for depression and OCD

3

What are the advantages and disadvantages of psychotherapy?

advantages: extremely precise, less side effects
disadvantages: expensive, time consuming, emotionally draining and disturbing

4

What is the convergence of neurobiology and psychotherapy?

all psychological events have neurobiologic correlates - meds and psychotherapy both impact the same brain
meds decrease pain and allow therapy to occur, therapy makes one less reluctant to take meds
epigenetics can be mechanism for psychotherapy induced changes

5

What are common factors of psychotherapies?

aim to reverse pt's demoralization and shame, decrease alienation
atmosphere of safety and acceptance
sense of hope based on shared understanding - not alone w problem = therapeutic alliance
idea of therapist's expertise

6

What are important boundaries in psychotherapy?

regular meeting and location, clarity of roles and compensation
rationale - making it safe and non-exploitive
some variability depending on therapy type, but always present

7

What are directive vs. evocative psychotherapies?

directive - focus on symptoms, provide instructions to change them (Cognitive behavioral therapy)
evocative - aim to uncover underlying problems and foster growth (psychoanalytic psychotherapy)

8

What are the major types of psychotherapy?

psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy
cognitive behavioral therapy
group psychotherapy
family or couples therapy

9

What is cognitive behavioral therapy?

focus on observable symptoms and definable, measurable complaints
suited for manualization, easy to study
behavioral therapy techniques involve systematic desensitization, flooding, positive reinforcement, aversion therapy

10

What is systematic desensitization?

3 stages:
relaxation training
constructing hierarchy of anxiety
gradual desensitization of stimulus

11

What conditions have strong evidence for either cognitive or behavioral therapy?

cognitive - mild to moderate depression, social phobia
behavioral - simple phobias, OCD, panic disorder, social phobias

12

What are some common errors of thinking that cognitive therapy can address?

all or none thinking, discounting the positive, over generalization, over personalization

13

What are psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy?

psychoanalysis - 3-5x/wk, pt lying down
psychoanalytic psychotherapy - 1-2x/wk, sitting up, principles of psychoanalysis but also supportive
effective for complicated grief, adjustment problems, relationship conflicts, anxiety/panic, depression, trauma, personality disorders, etc

14

What are the core features of psychoanalytic treatments?

unstructured: free association and resistance (disconnects, get stuck around sensitive subjects)
unconscious meanings of thoughts and actions
influence of child dev and past trauma on present patterns
use of relationship w therapist - transference and countertransference

15

What is group psychotherapy?

range from evocative to directive to strictly supportive
crucial to inpatient psychiatric treatment
decreases isolation, provides validation, opportunities for altruism, multiple perspectives, feeling part of something bigger

16

What is family therapy?

usually a designated pt - individual symptoms are evidence of family pathology
focus on patterns across multiple generations
Bowen family systems theory - emotional triangles and excluding members
general systems model - focus on uncovering assigned roles (nurturer, scapegoat, rebel, victim, etc)

17

Why is psychotherapy prescribed?

brain is designed to be soothed by attachment and comforted by presence of another person

18

What are Freud's ideas behind psychoanalysis?

lying down allows pt to have free association w/o conscious censorship
also allows therapist to have free floating attention b/c not being stared at
important goal is insight