Cognitive Disorders Flashcards Preview

Psychiatry > Cognitive Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Disorders Deck (16):
1

Last Fxn to go in Alz

Motor Function

2

Pick is Diff from Alz b/c...

early onset changes in:
- personality
- dis-inhibition/apathy
- soc. inapp. beh
- mood changes
- psychotic sx
LANGUAGE affected EARLY

3

Late Stage of Pick Dx

Memory loss
Apraxia
agnosia

4

Key path findings in Pick

Temporofrontal Atrophy
Demyelination and gliosis of FRONTAL lobe
Pick Body (intracellular inclusions)
Pick cells (swolle neurons)

5

Chronic Subdural Hematoma

reversible dementia

6

Nontraumatic cause of Subdural hematoma

rapid decel injury
Ruptured aneurysm
AVM at pial surface

7

Most common sx of CHRONIC subdural hematoma

HA
Confustion
Inattention
Apathy
Memory Loss
Drowsy
COMA

8

EPIdural Hematoma

caused by temporal/parietal fracture
sx diff from subdural in that its an emergency
more likely to see lateralization sx like hemiparesis CN palsies etc

9

Partial Complex Seizures

Staring
olfactory hallucinations
automatisms (buttoning/unbuttoning shirt)
perceptual alterations (objects change shape/size)
some ANS sx (nausea, piloerection, GI sensations)
postictal HA and sleepiness

10

Abscence Seizures vs Partial Complex

NO postictal
no motor sx
SHORTER duration

11

OSA

sleep apnea caused by obstruction
patients wake up with dry mouth + HA

12

Early Cog Deficits of Huntingtons

sustained attn
Memoray retrieval
Procedural memory
visuospatial skills

13

Depersonalization d/o seen in which type of seizures

temporal lobe epilepsy or focal seizure d/o

14

Arsenic Poisoning

garlic breath
causes inc permeability of small vessels in gut and intestinal mucosa desturciton
--> blood diarrhea
-N/V/D + abd pain
seizures
fluid loss/HYPOtn from diarrhea

15

Occipital Lobe Lesions

HOMOnymous Hemianopsia
HA (dull and achy)
papiledema +/- seizures

16

Epileptic vs Non-epileptic seizures

check the serum PL level
in Grand Mal (epileptic) --> PL increases for 20min
in non-epilieptic --> PL = unchanged