Child Pysch/Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Child Pysch/Development Deck (31):
1

Separation-Individuation

6-36months - child dev self identity separate from mother
develops introjection in this period - identity of mother both positive and negative

2

4 Sub-phases

Differentiation 6-10months - child learns mom is separate person

Practicing 10-16months - child is excited about exploring

Rapproachment 16-24 months - constant need to check back with mother, learns that with this new exploration comes increased vulnerability

Object Constancy - 3rd year of life, child integrates good and bad aspects of mother and child into one image. This stage is needed for stable relationships later on.

3

By 10months - personal/soc beh.

Child should have separation anxiety, if child still has this by 18months, then the child is delayed

4

by 18monhts

Motor - feed self partially, pull toy on a string, carry a fav doll and imitate some behavioral patterns that he sees

5

Transitional object

seen in kids 18-24months, allows child to deal with separation anxiety, surrogate care giver (toy or blanket)

6

Denial

the pt consciously believes NOTHING bad actually happened

7

Sublimation

inappropriate response into appropriate one --> anger --> workout/sports

8

Reaction Formation

Do the opposite of what you feel b/c its inappropriate - act super nice to a person you hate.

9

Egocentrism

child ages 2 and 5 to 7 years can't understand another's POV - pre-operational stage

10

Freud Stages

Oral, Anal, Phallic, Oedipal, Latency, Genital

11

Freud - Oral Phase

0-18months - oral sensation (sucking, feeding, biting)
Excessive gratification or deprivation --> oral fixation --> dependent and require others to fulfill there needs

12

Freud - Anal Stage

18-36mon - child is more independent/active
- defecation and retention of feces is main source of stimulation
- anal traits persist as personality traits
---> OCD/OCPD

13

Phallic Stage

starts at age 3
erotic pleasure of penis/clitoris

14

Latency Stage

ages 5 and 11 to 13years
sexual drive is quiet, focused on new skills and social interaction with peers

15

Genital Stage

puberty --> young adulthood
- reintensify of sexual drives
- mastery of instincts
- separation from parents
- and estb of genital sexality w/ an appropriate partner

16

topographic model of mind

conscious, per-conscious, and unconscious

17

parapraxes

slip of tongue that reveals the subconscious

18

Structural Theroy of Mind

Id/Ego/Superego

19

Primary Process

refers to thinking that is dereistic, illogical, or magical; it is normally found in dreams or abnormally in psychosis

20

Overt interest in opposite sex

ages 12-15

21

consolidation of personality

ages 17-20

22

AHDH combined type requirments

MUST occur in more than 1 setting, home and school

23

Rett disorder onset

6months after birth
small head size and unusual gait

24

Rett d/o sx

hand stereotypes
diff from autism b/c Rett starts out with NORMAL dev of speech and other behaviors, THEN loses them

25

Rett vs Autism

diff from autism b/c Rett starts out with NORMAL dev of speech and other behaviors, THEN loses them

26

Dyslexia commonly seen with

ADHD
often have verbal language deficits as well

27

Infant born to heroin addict

Withdrawal sx in first few weeks of life etc
first year of life --> hyperactive, poor motor coordination, inattentiveness

28

Prenatal exposure to cocaine

impaired startle response
impaired habituation, recognition and reactivity to novel stimuli
increased irritability in infants
OLDER CHILDREN --> language delays, poor motor coord. hyperactivity, attn defects

29

noctural enuresis facts

boys>girls
assoc w/ day time wetting
classsical conditioning = best first line
- 50% effectiveness and good long term maintenance

30

tx for tix d.o

Anti=psychotics and alpha 2 agonists (clonidine and guanfacine)

31

Pemoline side effects for ADHD

can cause choreiform movements and cardiac arr