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Flashcards in Cold war Deck (22):
1

Yalta Conference

The three leaders made important decisions about the future of European governments

2

Nuremberg Trials

In November 1945 the tribunal put high ranking Nazis on trial in the city of Nuremberg in what because known as this

3

United Nations

An organization dedicated to resolving international conflicts

4

Cold War

This phrase came to be used to describe the struggle for global power between the US and the Soviet Union

5

Containment

Preventing the Soviet Union from expanding its influences around the world

6

Truman Doctrine

This policy of providing aid to help foreign countries fight communism became known as this

7

Marshall Plan

Western Europe received more that 13 billion in US loans and grants for European economic recovery between 1948 and 1952

8

NATO

The United States joined nine Western European countries along with Iceland and Canada to form NATO

9

GI Bill of Rights

This bill offered veterans money for school as well as loans for houses, farms, and businesses.

10

Fair Deal

This included a higher minimum wage, the creation of a national health insurance plan for all Americans, and expanded Skcial Security benefits for the elderly

11

38th parallel

This is where the Allies divide Korea

12

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong led the nationalists to Taiwan.

13

Joseph McCarthy

He was the Wisconsin senator and started the McCarthy era

14

Hydrogen Bomb

A weapon far more powerful than the atomic bombs used in WWII

15

Arms race

Both the US and the Soviet Union rushes to build more weapons

16

Sputnik

The worlds first artificial satellite

17

Brinkmanship

A willingness to go to the brink of war to oppose communism

18

Baby boom

This was also known as a significant increase in the number of baby’s born

19

Sun belt

Southern and Western states that offered a warm climate year-round a low tax rates

20

Urban renewal

This was a plan to improve life in cities

21

Beats

Also known as beatniks, these were young people that criticized society with unusual writing styles and rebellious behavior

22

Potsdam Conference

President Truman met with British and Soviet leaders near Berlin, Germany at this conference. They divided Germany into four zones and each country took over one. The capital was also split into four zones.