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Flashcards in College Network Deck (108)
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1

Strabismus

Disorder in which both eyes don't look in the same direction all the time. (Cross-eye)

2

This physician and psychologist focused on biophysical development and is sometimes referred to as the "father of growth and development".

Arnold Gesell

3

What are the 3 parts of a person based on Freud's work?

Id: seeks pleasure, avoids pain
Superego: conscience
Ego: balances the needs of Id and superego

4

What was Robert Peck's developmental focus?

He focused on Erik Erikson's "integrity vs. despair" stage of life for older adults.

5

Roger Gould focused on which aspect of psychosocial development?

7 phases of Adult development

6

Developmental theorist Havighurst organized his development model on what?

Age periods and certain developmental tasks that should be accomplished during that time.

7

What are the 4 phases of Piagets cognitive development model?

Sensorimotor: 0-2 years
Pre-operational: 2-7 years
Concrete Operational: 7-11 years
Formal Operational: 11-15 years

8

Based on Piagets cognitive development model, what are the 3 abilities a child uses in processing information?

Assimilation
Accommodation
Adaptation

9

What are the 3 phases of moral development according to Kohlberg?

Pre conventional
Conventional
Post conventional

10

Who was the research assistant of Kohlberg who adapted his theory to be more broad and focus on women?

Carol Gilligan

11

Name 2 psychologists who focused on Spiritual development?

Fowler
Westerhoff

12

Eruption of permanent teeth is usually complete by what age?

15

13

At what age does menarche begin?

10-16

14

What is one natural solution that has been found to help the symptoms of colic?

Chamomile tea up to 3x per day.

15

Amblyopia

Decreased visual acuity in one eye.
Lazy eye w/ decreased vision due to improper development.

16

What time of year is most prevalent for RSV?

Late fall to early spring

17

The 3rd leading cause of death in children (infants?) is?

SIDS

18

What bacteria contributes to dental caries?

Streptococcus mutans

19

1st and 2nd leading causes of death in young adults in the USA?

MVA's
Suicide

20

What time of year is most prevalent for RSV?

Late fall to early spring

21

The 3rd leading cause of death in children (infants?) is?

SIDS

22

Leading cause of death for adults 25-64.

Cancer

23

List the 4 categories of elderly and the associated age range.

Young old: 65-75
Old: 75-85
Old-old: 85-100
Elite Old: over 100

24

Spiritual development takes place in 7 sequential steps/phases and each stage develops from a combination of knowledge and values.
Which spiritual developmental psychologist proposed this?

Fowler

25

Spiritual development is a 4 phase process heavily dependent on the practices of one's family.
Which spiritual development psychologist proposed this?

Westerhoff

26

How were the goals identified in Healthy People 2020 selected?

They were the areas with the best current data available and also the areas which there is the greatest likelihood of effecting change.

27

What are the 4 non-pharmacological areas of nursing focusing on comfort?

Physical
Psychospiritual
Social
Environmental

28

Itching of the skin, with or without a rash.

Pruritis

29

Relaxation techniques have proven effective in relieving lower back pain, but evidence does not support the relief of ?

Post-operative pain

30

Behavior that facilitates effective communication:
Facing the person squarely
Adopting an open posture
Lean toward the client
Maintain eye contact
Stay relaxed


Physical attending