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Flashcards in Commedia Dell' Arte Deck (29)
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Motif

An idea or theme that appears repeatedly within a piece of literature or music, representing a dominant strand in the author's/ composer's intentions for the audience

1

Stock Characters

A character who represents a type of person rather than an individual. Their characteristics and mannerisms are exaggerated and they may wear a particular costume in order that the audience can easily identify them.

2

Running Gag

A comic action, expression or routine that is repeated throughout a scene or throughout the whole play, to make the audience laugh.

3

Commedia dell' arte

Italian form of theatre born in the middle of the 16th century.

4

Lazzi

Set-pieces of comic business, often performed with acrobatic skill.

5

Set-pieces

A carefully crafted piece of stage action that depicts a situation that is typical within the genre of the play. For example, in comedy, scenes of mistaken identity, concealment and chases.

6

Anti-Climax

A disappointing end to an exciting or impressive series of events

7

Subtext

The meaning behind the lines; what a character is thinking rather than saying

8

Exposition

Usually the first scene of a play, which gives the audience much of the information they need to make the sense of the unfolding plot.

9

denouement

Usually the first scene of a play, which gives the audience much of the information they need to make sense of the unfolding plot.

10

Social Mileu

The social world which individual characters or groups of characters inhabit. 'Servant' presents a microcosm of 18th century society, peopled by a wealthy middle-class and their servants

11

Ensemble

"The Commedia Actor would never work alone... There must be a constant awareness of the whole... You are literally all init together"
- Mazzoni Clementi

12

History

Emerged from Carnival, developed te folk themes into theatrical medium

13

Themes

- Love
- Money
- Hunger
- Survival
- Old age, fear, sex and jealousy

14

Plot

Always looks forward never investigates the past.

15

Movement

Never ugly but beautiful

16

Style

Playing not acting

17

Multi-lingualism

Reliance on Onomatopeia

18

Props

"The object is not inferior to the actor, but equal in value. It is not unusual for an object to become a character" Antonio Fava

19

Mask

To magnify and simultaneously give the essence of the character

20

Characters

Represented each Italian State
- The Captin
- Pulcinella
- Lovers
- The Doctor
- Pantaloon
- Columbina
- Brighella
- Arlechino

21

Pulcinella

chicken, melancholy

22

The Captin

Big voice, rooster, strong and scared, peacock

23

Lovers

Cat, diagonals

24

Columbina

Beautiful, Dove, Hen, Intelligent

25

The Doctor

Pig, master, Fat = Rich

26

Brighella

Fox, violent, musical

27

Arlechino

Cat, monkey, stupid, genius

28

Pantalone

Loves money, horny old man, turkey