Common Diets Flashcards Preview

NCLEX RN > Common Diets > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Diets Deck (28):
1

Acute Renal Disease

Protein restricted, high calorie, fluid controlled, sodium and potassium controlled

2

Addison's Disease

increased sodium, low potassium diet

3

ADHD and Bipolar

high-calorie, provide finger foods

4

Burns

high protein, high caloric, increase in Vitamin C

5

Cancer

high calorie, high protein

6

Celiac Disease

Gluten Free, (No BROW: barley, rye, oat, wheat)

7

Chronic Renal Disease

low sodium, protein, fluid, potassium, and phosphorus restricted

8

Cirrhosis (stable)

normal protein

9

Cirrhosis with hepatic insufficiency

protein, fluid, sodium restriction

10

Constipation

High Fiber, increased fluids

11

COPD

soft, high-calorie, low carb, high fat, small frequent meals

12

Cystic Fibrosis

fluid increase

13

Diarrhea

liquid, low-fiber, regular, fluid and electrolyte replacement

14

Gallbladder diseases

low-fat, calorie-restricted, regular

15

Gastritis

low fiber, bland diet

16

Hepatitis

Regular, high calorie, high protein

17

Hyperlipidemias

fat-controlled, calorie restricted

18

Hypertension

HF, CAD - low sodium, calorie- restricted, fat-controlled

19

Kidney Stones

increased fluid intake, calcium controlled, low-oxalate

20

Nephrotic Syndrome

sodium and potassium restricted, high calorie, high protein

21

Obesity/Overweight

High Fiber, Calorie restricted

22

Pancreatitis

low-fat, regular, small, frequent meals, tube feed, or parenteral nutrition

23

Peptic Ulcer

Bland diet

24

Pernicious Anemia

Increase B12, found in high amounts in shellfish, beef liver and fish

25

Sickle Cell Anemia

increase fluids to maintain hydration since sickling increases when patients become dehydrated.

26

Stroke

mechanical Soft, regular or tube feed

27

Underweight

high calorie, high protein

28

Vomiting

fluid and electrolyte replacement