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Flashcards in Common Disorders Deck (11)
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1

inflammation of the joints caused when a joint is damaged. edge of bones rub against each other and become irritated

arthritis

2

inflammation of the joint
cause unknown
changes in structure due to inflammatory process

degenerative joint diseases- osteoarthritis

3

simple-broken bone; skin remains intact
compound- broken bone; penetrates skin
comminuted- broken bone; many pieces
greenstick- bent bone; incomplete fracture; common in children

fracture

4

outward curvature of THORACIC vertebrae
(hunchback)

kyhosis

5

inward curvature of LUMBAR spine
(swayback)

lordosis

6

degenerative arthritis
abnormal wearing of cartilage;
decrease of synovial fluid (lubricator)

osteoarthritis

7

bones do not calcify sufficiently; remain soft
caused by infectious bacteria
induced by trauma, surgery, compound fractures(1)

osteomalacia

8

porous bone; breaks easily

osteoporosis

9

bones do not calcify; remain soft
lack of vitamin d
common in children

rickets

10

autoimmune disease; causes chronic inflammation of arthritis

rheumatoid arthritis

11

lateral curvature of spine

scoliosis