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1

mineral matter replaces cartilage

ossification

2

bones grow from the shaft or _____ toward the end of the bones or the _____

diaphysis;epiphysis

3

5 functions of skeletal system

movement, support, protection, mineral storage, haematopoiesis (blood production)

4

average growth span:
female-
male-

fourteen; sixteen

5

four types of bones

long, short, flat, irregular

6

two main parts of skeletal system

axial, appendicular skeleton

7

small bones that spine consists of

vertebrae

8

point of contact between bones

joints

9

what type of bone is the skull

flat

10

allows blood vessels and nerves to pass

foramen

11

3 sections of vertebrae

cervical, thoracic, lumbar

12

shaped to allow movement of head

skull, spine

13

help protect vital organs

ribs, sternum

14

____ true ribs
____ false ribs
____ floating ribs

7
5
2

15

breastbone is known as the

sternum

16

girdles in appendicular skeleton

pelvic, pectoral

17

wrist contains 8 bones called the

carpal

18

hand contains 19 bones
___ metacarpal bones
___ proximal phalanges
___ medial phalanges
___ distal phalanges

5
5
4
5

19

outer ankle formed by

fibula

20

inner ankle formed by

tibia

21

movable joint

diarthrotic

22

immovable joint

synarthrotic

23

area between 2 articular cartilages

synovial cavity

24

partially movable joint

amphiarthrotic

25

lining of articular cartilage

synovial membrane

26

pivot point

radius, ulna

27

joint connected by tough fibrous tissue

suture

28

elastic material between vertebrae

disk